Home » Author Archives: JCDA Oasis (page 177)

Author Archives: JCDA Oasis

At a glance: what are the common medical conditions that predispose patients to dental problems?

This post is based on the section on “Dental care for patients with systemic disorders” of the MERCK Manual website Hematological Disorders Disorders that interfere with coagulation which require consultation with the patient’s general practitioner.  Cardiovascular Disorders Cardiovascular disease is a disease of the heart blood vessels which includes numerous problems. Many of these problems are related to a process called atherosclerosis, a condition that develops when a substance called plaque builds up in the walls of the arteries.  Cancer Extracting a tooth adjacent to a carcinoma of the gingiva, palate, or antrum facilitates invasion of the alveolus (tooth socket) ...

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What is an alveolar fracture?

This post is an adaptation of the Alveolar Fracture article found in the Dental Trauma Guide Description A fracture of the alveolar process; may or may not involve the alveolar socket. Teeth associated with alveolar fractures are characterized by mobility of the alveolar process; several teeth typically will move as a unit when mobility is checked. Occlusal interference is often present. Etiology Diagnosis A fracture of the alveolar process; may or may not involve the alveolar socket. Teeth associated with alveolar fractures are characterized by mobility of the alveolar process; several teeth typically will move as a unit when mobility ...

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Clinical matters: Should chronic xerostomia patients use dental adhesive materials?

  This summary is based on the article published in Gerodontology: Clinical aspects of the use of dental adhesive materials in patients with chronic xerostomia (June 2013)   Context Adhesives are commonly used by denture wearers to increase the retention and stability of the complete denture, to improve the chewing and masticatory abilities and to psychologically support the patient to make the complete denture more acceptable. Denture fixatives can be especially recommended for use and to aid retention for patients with dryness of the mouth, poor secretion of saliva and xerostomia (e.g. diabetes mellitus). Key Messages Adequately maintaining prostheses is influenced by a number of ...

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Could green tea improve bond strength following bleaching?

  This summary is based on the article published in the European Journal of Oral Sciences: Can green tea be used to reverse compromised bond strength after bleaching? (August 2013)       Purpose of the Study  Evaluate the antioxidant effect of green tea on microtensile bond strength to bleached enamel. Key Messages Green tea catechins have been shown to possess potent antioxidant activity several times higher than that of vitamin C and vitamin E. The strong antioxidant properties of green tea have been attributed to catechins of EGCG and EGC which can donate hydrogens from the hydroxyl groups in their structure and have ...

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Does gender matter in patient-provider interactions?

This summary is based on the article published in the Dental Clinics of North America: Interactions between patients and dental care providers. Does gender matter? (April 2013) Key Messages Gender differences exist both in verbal and nonverbal communication. Earlier research on the effects of patient-provider congruent relationships focused mainly on demographic similarity, whereas newer research argues that perceived similarities are more predictive of treatment outcomes. When it comes to gender impact on communication in the dental office, research showed that both the dentist and patient applied traditional gender stereotypes to perceptions of dentists and perceptions of patients. Pediatric patients prefer ...

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How effective are antimicrobial solutions?

This summary is based on the article published in Australian Endodontic Journal: Evaluation of the antimicrobial activities of chlorhexidine gluconate, sodium hypochlorite and octenidine hydrochloride in vitro (April 2013) Purpose of the study Compare the antimicrobial activity of sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl), chlorhexidine gluconate (CHX) and octenidine hydrochloride (OCT) in different concentrations against endodontic pathogens in vitro.  Method Agar diffusion procedure was used to determine the antimicrobial activity of the tested materials. Enterococcus faecalis, Candida albicans and the mixture of these were used for this study. In the agar diffusion test, 5.25% NaOCl exhibited better antimicrobial effect than the other concentrations of NaOCl for all strains. Results All concentrations of ...

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View from the Chairside: The Art of Treatment Planning and Case Presentation

By Dr. Mark Venditti Dr. Venditti graduated from the College of Dentistry at the University of Saskatchewan in 2005. He currently practices general dentistry and lives in Kingston, Ontario with his wife and 2 boys. He is a continuing education coordinator for the Kingston and District Dental Society. Dr. Venditti is a JCDA Clinical Practice Advisor.   I have been in general practice for 8 years. During that time, I have learned that in order to keep dentistry fun for me, it is important to regularly take interesting and informative continuing education courses. In February, I went to Scottsdale, Arizona, for a 2-day ...

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View from the Chairside: Temporary Crowns Protocol

By Dr. Mark Venditti Dr. Venditti graduated from the College of Dentistry at the University of Saskatchewan in 2005. He currently practices general dentistry and lives in Kingston, Ontario with his wife and 2 boys. He is a continuing education coordinator for the Kingston and District Dental Society. Dr. Venditti is also a JCDA Clinical Practice Advisor. Until a few years ago, when making temporary crowns for my patients, I would start by taking a full-mouth alginate impression. Towards the end of the appointment, I would reinsert the impression with my temporary crown material to make the crown. Later on, I learned about ...

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