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News Bites from CDA Knowledge Networks – 2020/04/29

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Coronavirus: What's happening in Canada and around the world Wednesday. cbc.ca, Apr 29: Manitoba reopening strategy expected to be announced at COVID-19 update today. Ontario reports fewest new COVID-19 cases since April 7. Alberta grants COVID-19 rule exemptions in fight against Fort McMurray flood. 'That's not much of a discount':  Why some auto insurers still aren't cutting rates for all during pandemic. INTERACTIVE | See the latest data on coronavirus cases in Canada. Read more

COVID-19 au Canada : ce que vous devez savoir aujourd’hui. ici.radio-canada.ca, 29 avril: Frappées de plein fouet par la paralysie de l'économie, près du tiers des entreprises canadiennes accusent des pertes de plus de 40 % de leurs revenus. Pendant que la situation se stabilise en Ontario, au Québec, plus de 200 militaires de la base de Valcartier seront déployés dans les CHSLD de Montréal. Voici ce que vous devez savoir aujourd’hui. Lire plus

People are getting COVID-19 by community transmission, but Ontario knows little about how. cbc.ca, Apr 29 [ANALYSIS]: As governments plan to relax restrictions, experts say it's crucial to learn more about transmission sources. Read more

Ontario public health units report 2.8% jump in new cases; Ottawa to provide up to $5,000 for volunteer students. thestar.com, Apr 29: The latest: Ontario paramedics added to list of front-line workers to get pay raise; Three staff test positive at Toronto daycare. Read more

'A race against the disease': Canadian researchers part of global effort to develop COVID-19 vaccine. cbc.ca, Apr 27: In the quiet of the University of Saskatchewan's shuttered campus, there is one constant beacon of light and hope. Dr. Volker Gerdts and his team of researchers are working in shifts around the clock to find a vaccine for the novel coronavirus — and feeling the pressure to move even faster. Read more

Canada's top doctor warns against relying on herd immunity to reopen economy. cbc.ca, Apr 25: Canada's top doctor says there isn't enough evidence to back herd immunity as a way to reopen society, as Quebec's premier is considering the approach to restart his province's economy. Read more

London, Ont., researchers studying loss of smell in COVID-19 patients as part of global initiative. globalnews.ca, Apr 24: According to a statement released by Western University on Friday, the researchers are asking individuals with confirmed or presumptive cases of COVID-19 worldwide to participate in a survey to better understand this symptom of the novel coronavirus disease. Read more

The coming flu season could make the pandemic worse. Is Canada ready for it? cbc.ca, Apr 26: As countries compete ferociously for resources to fend off the COVID-19 pandemic, the government of Canada may want to start planning ahead for the next viral wave set to sweep over the planet: the annual influenza season. Read more

Le vaccin contre la grippe saisonnière pour combattre une seconde vague de COVID-19. ici.radio-canada.ca, 26 avril : Les virologues et les spécialistes des maladies infectieuses affirment que l’efficacité du vaccin contre la grippe saisonnière 2020 sera cruciale pour réduire l'impact d'une possible deuxième vague de COVID-19. Lire plus

COVID-19 can be spread by building ventilation, argue Canadian researchers working on an HVAC fix. nationalpost.com, Apr 26: A group of Alberta researchers are working on ways that buildings could change their HVAC set-ups to curb the risk of infection. Read more

Canada says one million face masks from China failed to meet proper standards, won’t be sent to provinces. theglobeandmail.com, Apr 23: The Canadian government says about one million of the face masks it has purchased from China have failed to meet proper standards for health care professionals and will not be distributed to provinces or cities. Canada is facing competition from countries around the world for protective medical gear right now, the federal Department of Health said, adding that Ottawa is forced at times to purchase vital equipment from unfamiliar suppliers. Read more

Provinces will decide when to reopen their economies, Trudeau says. cbc.ca, Apr 23: Now that Saskatchewan has announced its plan to slowly reopen its economy, pressure is mounting on Prime Minister Justin Trudeau and the federal government to roll out a strategy for restoring economic activity across the country. [...] Trudeau said that until Canada gets a vaccine, life here will not return to normal — but in the coming months restrictions will be eased across the country on a province-by-province basis. Read more

Coronavirus: Canadian company close to testing vaccine on humans. toronto.citynews.ca, Apr 23: In Canada, researchers are rising to the challenge in remarkable ways and one company is already moving towards the testing stages of a vaccine candidate. Read more

Free online 'threat blocker' launched in Canada as successful COVID-19 scams multiply. cbc.ca, Apr 23: As the number of successful pandemic-related scams continues to grow online, Canada's cyber spy agency is helping to launch a new — and free — threat-blocking tool for all Canadians to use. Read more

How Canada’s crucial data gaps are hindering the coronavirus pandemic response. theglobeandmail.com, Apr 23: ‘We have the will, we have the expertise, but we don’t have the data': Nationally, the lack of coronavirus-related health and economic data is stalling efforts to analyze the fast-moving COVID-19 crisis. Read more

PM Trudeau unveils $1.1 billion national COVID-19 medical and research strategy. ctvnews.ca, Apr 23: With increased testing and further understanding of the virus deemed necessary before reopening the Canadian economy, Prime Minister Justin Trudeau says the federal government is spending an additional $1.1 billion for a national medical and research strategy to address COVID-19. Read more

Canadian company SaNOtize Research aims to limit COVID-19 spread with nasal spray. theglobeandmail.com, Apr 22: The company…announced on Wednesday that it has received approval from Health Canada to begin a clinical trial of its method, which hinges on the delivery of nitric oxide gas to the upper-respiratory tract. Read more

New research aims to use CT scans to better diagnose COVID-19. tricitynews.com, Apr 22: Vancouver-based radiologists are at the helm of an international study that aims to better predict the presence of COVID-19 using CT scans. Read more

Smoking, vaping could be COVID-19 risk factors: Alberta's top doctor. calgaryherald.ca, Apr 22: Alberta’s top doctor is urging smokers to quit, as new research suggests smoking and vaping can increase both the risk of contracting COVID-19 and of having more serious complications from the virus. Read more

UV light could kill COVID in PPE masks, North Shore company says. biv.com, Apr 22: A North Vancouver company is poised to become the first in Canada certified to sterilize personal protective equipment using ultraviolet light to kill COVID-19. Read more

Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). who.int, Apr 28: Situation report - 99. Read more

Live updates: As ‘quarantine fatigue’ spreads, Fauci says second wave of coronavirus is ‘inevitable’. washingtonpost.com, Apr 29: Here are some significant developments: The U.S. economy shrank by 4.8 percent from January through March as it saw the worst slowdown in growth since the Great Recession. Nearly half of the world’s workforce is at risk of losing their incomes as the pandemic continues to disrupt lives and economies around the globe, a U.N. agency warned. Results from antibody tests support the consensus that the novel coronavirus is significantly more lethal than the seasonal flu. Read more

How China is ruthlessly exploiting the coronavirus pandemic it helped cause. vox.com, Apr 28:  Instead of looking to make amends, Beijing is taking advantage of the chaos to pursue its long-term foreign policy goals more aggressively. Read more

Arthritis drug shows early promise in severe COVID-19 cases: study. ctvnews.ca, Apr 28: The arthritis drug tocilizumab has shown early promise in preventing extreme inflammation in gravely ill COVID-19 patients, according to a French clinical study. Read more

CDC adds six more symptoms for coronavirus. thehill.com, Apr 25: The new symptoms for the disease are chills, repeated shaking with chills, muscle pain, headache, sore throat, and new loss of taste or smell, the CDC said. Read more

‘Landmark collaboration’ to make COVID-19 testing and treatment available to all. news.un.org, Apr 24: World leaders, scientists, humanitarians and private sector partners united on Friday in “a landmark collaboration” that will make new tools and medicines to diagnose and treat COVID-19, accessible to people everywhere. Read more

'No Evidence' Yet That Recovered COVID-19 Patients Are Immune, WHO Says. npr.org, Apr 25: In a scientific brief dated Friday, the United Nations agency said the idea that one-time infection can lead to immunity remains unproven and is thus unreliable as a foundation for the next phase of the world's response to the pandemic. Read more

Unreliable antibody tests flood the market as FDA waives quality reviews. politico.com, Apr 27: Some are giving too many false positive results, which could mislead some people into thinking they have already been infected. Read more

Abbott’s Fast COVID Test Poses Safety Issues, Lab Workers Say. khn.org, Apr 23: Lab personnel say worries are mounting over the safety of a rapid coronavirus test by Abbott Laboratories that President Donald Trump has repeatedly lauded ― particularly, the risk of infection to those handling it. Read more

EXCLUSIVE-Trial of Gilead's potential coronavirus treatment running ahead of schedule -researcher. reuters.com, Apr 24: Preliminary findings from the randomized trial of the antiviral drug remdesivir, begun in February by the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID), could come even sooner. Read more

China seizes over 89 million shoddy face masks. ctvnews.ca, Apr 26: China has confiscated over 89 million poor quality face masks…as Beijing faces a slew of complaints about faulty protective gear exported worldwide. Read more

FDA: Improper use of hydroxychloroquine, chloroquine for COVID-19 may increase risk for arrhythmias, death. healio.com, Apr 24: The drugs, which can be used to treat hospitalized patients with COVID-19, may lead to adverse events including ventricular tachycardia, QT interval prolongation, ventricular fibrillation and death in some cases, according to a MedWatch alert from the FDA. Read more

Gilead's coronavirus drug flops in first major trial. axios.com, Apr 23: Remdesivir…that is being tested on coronavirus patients, "was not associated with clinical or virological benefits," according to a leaked summary of a randomized trial posted by the World Health Organization. Read more

AstraZeneca pilots diabetes drug as potential COVID-19 treatment. reuters.com, Apr 23: Britain’s AstraZeneca is testing a diabetes drug as a potential treatment for COVID-19 patients who also had existing heart and kidney problems. Read more

Inside the Anti-Coronavirus Arsenal: The Latest Tests, Treatments, and Vaccines. thedailybeast.com, Apr 23: From sewage to stem cells and proning to plasma, researchers are racing to stop the novel coronavirus in its tracks. Read more

Coronavirus Antibody Test: What Is It And What Does It Reveal? huffingtonpost.ca, Apr 23: Experts share what you need to know about the blood tests that show a COVID-19 infection and possible immunity. Read more

Why are nicotine patches being tested on coronavirus patients? pennlive.com, Apr 22: Could a substance in tobacco, possibly nicotine, lower the risk of patients who smoke from catching COVID-19? Read more

COVID-19 vaccine researchers say pandemic lockdown placing many serious obstacles to their work. nationalpost.com, Apr 22: Inflated prices, backlogged supplies, limited government grants and battles with university administration are among the challenges they face. Read more

Scientists Are Calling For Vaccine Experiments That Would Deliberately Infect People With The Novel Coronavirus. buzzfeednews.com, Apr 22: “Normally, deliberately giving someone an infection that is potentially lethal would be unacceptable,” one bioethicist said. “But in extreme times, like a plague, you might look to extreme measures.” Read more

Nearly 15% of Ontario’s local public health units lack a permanent medical officer of health. ipolitics.ca, Apr 24: As Ontario grapples with COVID-19, nearly 15 per cent of its public health units lack a permanent medical officer of health — with acting medical officers filling the top post, in some cases, for years. Read more

Putting off kids' vaccines during COVID-19 heightens risk of other outbreaks. cbc.ca, Apr 24: Doctors are worried measles, whooping cough and other preventable illnesses could surge. Read more

'We're really at a tipping point': COVID-19 brings research into other medical conditions to a grinding halt. cbc.ca, Apr 23: 'All of our research has basically stopped,' says family of toddler with rare genetic condition. Read more

Do I need to floss my teeth? theconversation.com, Apr 27: As a dentist, my patients often ask whether they still need to floss even though they brush their teeth. The answer is – that depends. Read more

E-cigarette users experience vascular damage similar to that of smokers of combustible cigarettes. eurekalert.org, Apr 29: Using e-cigarettes damages the arteries and blood vessel function much like smoking traditional cigarettes, according to new research published today in the Journal of the American Heart Association. Read more

Smile Direct Club Files Patent Infringement Complaint Against Candid. globenewswire.com, Apr 29: Following confirmation of its patent for SmileShop intellectual property, SDC requests damages, injunction prohibiting copycat model. Read more

Study Shows Daily Use of Pycnogenol® Reduces the Severity of Dry Mouth. media.newswire.ca, Apr 28: New clinical evidence shows the benefits of supplementing with Pycnogenol® French maritime pine bark extract to enhance saliva production and alleviate dry mouth, a condition that affects 10 percent of Americans. Read more

Immune-regulating drug improves gum disease in mice. eurekalert.org, Apr 28: Short-term treatment with rapamycin, a drug used to treat transplant patients, reduces bone loss, inflammation and changes to oral bacteria in older mice with gum disease. Read more

Nanocomposite mouthguard highlights early signs of tooth decay. chemistryworld.com, Apr 27: A mouthguard that can detect the early signs of tooth decay and periodontitis has been developed by researchers from China. Read more

American College of Emergency Physicians endorses ADA's antibiotics guideline. ada.org, Apr 22: Guideline advises against using antibiotics for most pulpal, periapical conditions. Read more

Dalhousie University – Current course offerings

McGill University – Continuing dental education

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Université Laval – Formation continue

University of Manitoba – Continuing professional development

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University of Alberta – Program and courses

University of British Columbia – Calendar of courses

University of Saskatchewan – Continuing professional dental education

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