Is there an association between periodontitis and obstructive sleep apnea?
This summary is based on the article published in the Journal of Periodontal Research: The association between periodontitis and obstructive sleep apnea: a preliminary study (August 2013)
Periodontitis is becoming a highly prevalent disease worldwide. Obstructive sleep apnea is a common disorder that is characterized by repeated disruptions in breathing during sleep, and mouth breathing is a common characteristic among patients with obstructive sleep apnea.
The study aimed to assess the hypothesis that obstructive sleep apnea is associated with the onset and progression of periodontal disease.
- The study identified that there is a significant association between obstructive sleep apnea and periodontitis.
- It has been recently identified that periodontitis has a number of systemic effects, such as diabetes, coronary heart disease, rheumatoid arthritis, osteoporosis, and malignancy. It is, therefore, important to know the risk factors in order to prevent periodontitis and possible systemic diseases.
- We suggest that obstructive sleep apnea may be a risk factor for periodontal disease and that the treatment of obstructive sleep apnea may prevent progression of periodontal disease.
- Further research is needed to establish the causal relationship between the two conditions.
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