Are women more at risk for caries prevalence?
This summary is based on the article published in the Dental Clinics of North America: The Impact of Gender on Caries Prevalence and Risk Assessment (April 2013)
Esperanza Angeles Martinez-Mier,Fluoride Research Program, Indiana University School of Dentistry and Department of Preventive and Community Dentistry, Binational/Cross-Cultural Health Enhancement Center, Oral Health Research Institute, Indiana University School of Dentistry
Andrea Ferreira Zandona,Graduate MSD/MS Preventive Dentistry Program, Early Caries Research Program, Indiana University School of Dentistry, and Department of Preventive and Community Dentistry, Oral Health Research Institute
- Women are at a higher risk for caries prevalence due to biologic and cultural influences, including behavioral and dietary variations. Biologic influences include past caries experience, tooth type, saliva flow, and age. Cultural influences include race, culture, ethnicity, income, and educational level.
- Gender socio-cultural differences influence their oral health status through their exposure to risk factors as well as access to preventive oral health care.
- Gender biological differences in relation to oral health are still understudied.
- Evidence is insufficient to make a definite statement about gender differences and dental caries.
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