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Research

How to search for evidence to inform clinical decisions?

This summary is based on the article published in the Journal of the American Dental Association: A practical approach to evidence-based dentistry. How to search for evidence to inform clinical decisions (December 2014) Romina Brignardello-Petersen, DDS, MSc; Alonso Carrasco-Labra, DDS, MSc, PhD(c); H. Austin Booth, MA, MIS; Michael Glick, DMD; Gordon H. Guyatt, MD, MSc; Amir Azarpazhooh, DDS, MSc, PhD, FRCD(C); Thomas Agoritsas, MD Courtesy of the American Dental Association, you can access the full-text article for the next 3 months here (PDF) Context Knowing how to search for evidence that can inform clinical decisions is a fundamental skill for ...

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What are the effects of orthodontic treatment for class II malocclusion in children?

This summary is based on the Cochrane Oral Health Group review: Orthodontic treatment for prominent upper front teeth (Class II malocclusion) in children (November 2013) Badri Thiruvenkatachari, Jayne E Harrison, Helen V Worthington, Kevin D O’Brien Context Prominent upper front teeth are a common problem affecting about a quarter of 12-year old children in the UK. The correction of this condition is one of the most common treatments performed by orthodontists. This condition develops when the child’s permanent teeth erupt and children are often referred to an orthodontist for treatment with dental braces to reduce the prominence of the teeth. ...

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Could Cytisine be the next smoking cessation alternative?

This summary is based on the article published in the New England Journal of Medicine: Cystine versus Nicotine for Smoking Cessation (December 2014) Natalie Walker, Ph.D., Colin Howe, Ph.D., Marewa Glover, Ph.D., Hayden McRobbie, M.B., Ch.B., Ph.D., Joanne Barnes, Ph.D., Vili Nosa, Ph.D., Varsha Parag, M.Sc., Bruce Bassett, B.A., and Christopher Bullen, M.B., Ch.B., Ph.D. Context Placebo-controlled trials indicate that cytisine, a partial agonist that binds the nicotinic acetylcholine receptor and is used for smoking cessation, almost doubles the chances of quitting at 6 months. Cytisine is a plant-based alkaloid found in members of the Leguminosae family.1, 2 Cytisine is a ...

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What are the effects of orthodontic treatment for posterior crossbites?

This summary is based on the Cochrane Oral Health Group review: Orthodontic treatment for posterior crossbites (August 2014) Paola Agostino, Alessandro Ugolini, Alessio Signori, Armando Silvestrini-Biavati, Jayne E Harrison, Philip Riley   Context A posterior crossbite occurs when the top back teeth bite inside the bottom back teeth. It occurs when the top teeth or jaw are narrower than the bottom teeth and can happen on one or both sides of the mouth. The condition affects between 1% and 16% of children who only have their baby teeth. Most posterior crossbites (50% to 90%) remain even when the permanent teeth ...

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Powered/electric toothbrushes vs. manual toothbrushes: which is better for maintaining oral health? A systematic review

This summary is based on the Cochrane Systematic Review: Powered/electric toothbrushes compared to manual toothbrushes for maintaining oral health (June 2014) Yaacob M, Worthington HV, Deacon SA, Deery C, Walmsley AD, Robinson PG, Glenny AM Context Good oral hygiene, through the removal of plaque (a sticky film containing bacteria) by effective tooth brushing has an important role in the prevention of gum disease and tooth decay. Dental plaque is the primary cause of gingivitis (gum inflammation) and is implicated in the progression to periodontitis, a more serious form of gum disease that affects the tissues that support the teeth. The ...

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Summary Report: NCOHR Team Building Workshop: Modelling the Interaction of Multidimensional Risk Factors in Caries Disparity

In September 2014, Drs. Elham Emami (Associate Professor, Université de Montréal) and Linda Booij (Assistant Professor, Queen’s University and Sainte-Justine Hospital) along with postdoctoral fellow Dr. Svetlana Tikhonova (Université de Montréal) led and organized a 2-day workshop to facilitate the development of new multi- and inter-disciplinary collaborative research teams on caries and oral health disparity. The workshop was centered on the following outcomes: Exchange knowledge on multidimensional modelling of caries disparities, and to identify caries disparity research gaps and needs; Discuss innovative strategies and interventions, targeting aspects of caries disparity that can be controlled by stakeholders, decision makers and primary ...

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The International Association of Dental Traumatology is seeking your help…

  The International Association of Dental Traumatology invites you to help with their project, which aims to develop a core outcome set for traumatic dental injuries in children and adults. The association is seeking your input on what these core outcomes should be. Click here to complete a survey that should not take more than 10 minutes to complete. The survey is available for one month and will close on October 16th, 2014 at 2300 GMT. All answers will remain anonymous.  A core outcome set is a set of outcomes that should be measured and reported as a minimum in clinical studies for ...

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Literature Search Service Pilot Project: a new service by the Dentistry Library at the University of Toronto

  The Dentistry Library at the University of Toronto is pleased to announce the launch of a pilot project to provide a Literature Search Service (LSS) for dentists in Canada who are not affiliated with a hospital or a university. The LSS will allow dentists who are researching a topic to ask the Dentistry Librarians for help in  conducting a search in PubMed. However, with limited resources, the number of requests we can  process at one time is restricted. Priority will be given to projects that will have broad impact on  oral health science research activities and dentist education in ...

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