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Research

Artificial food colorings and sugars commonly consumed by children: How much are we talking about?

This summary is based on the Commentary published in Clinical Pediatrics: Amounts of Artificial Food Dyes and Added Sugars in Foods and Sweets Commonly Consumed by Children (April 2015) Laura J. Stevens, MS, John R. Burgess, PhD, Mateusz A. Stochelski, BS, and Thomas Kuczek, PhD Context Artificial food colors (AFCs) are used to color many beverages, foods, and sweets in the United States and throughout the world. In the United States, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) limits the AFCs allowed in the diet to 9 different colors. The FDA certifies each batch of manufactured AFCs to guarantee purity and ...

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Updated Statistics on Periodontal Disease Confirm High Adult Prevalence of Periodontitis in the US

A new CDC report authored by Dr. Paul Eke and colleagues entitled, “Update on Prevalence of Periodontitis in Adults in the United States: NHANES 2009-2012,” published by the Journal of Periodontology confirms an earlier analysis that found a high level of prevalence of periodontitis in the U.S. adult population. Context The report describes prevalence, severity, and extent of periodontitis in the US adult population using combined data from the 2009 to 2010 and 2011 to 2012 cycles of the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES). Estimates were derived for dentate adults, aged ‡30 years, from the US civilian noninstitutionalized ...

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The JCDA of the Future – focused, online and enhanced

  At a recent meeting in Ottawa, the Board of the Canadian Dental Association confirmed that the Association is committed to scholarly publishing and voted to continue publication of the Journal of the Canadian Dental Association (JCDA), with a clear focus on original articles that contribute to the body of knowledge of the dental profession. In future, the JCDA will focus solely on publishing original research, comprehensive literature reviews, and proceedings of scholarly meetings. It will continue as an online-only journal on the JCDA.ca site. In recent years, CDA has created a number of new professional media including CDA Essentials ...

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Cancer screening and detection in high-risk communities: A conversation opener with Dr. Ajit Auluck

Dr. Ajit Auluck, dentist and oral cancer researcher, spoke with Dr. John O’keefe about early cancer detection and screening in the communities most at risk to developing oral cancer.                Watch the video of the conversation   Watch Dr. Auluck’s PPT Presentation: Oral Cancer Trends in B.C.   Dr. Auluck is a post-doctoral student with the LiVWELL research group at Simon Fraser University. He also works as a clinician scientist in the British Columbia Oral Cancer Prevention Program. A component of his research focuses upon risk factors for developing oral cancers, among ethnic minorities and underprivileged communities ...

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How to search for evidence to inform clinical decisions?

This summary is based on the article published in the Journal of the American Dental Association: A practical approach to evidence-based dentistry. How to search for evidence to inform clinical decisions (December 2014) Romina Brignardello-Petersen, DDS, MSc; Alonso Carrasco-Labra, DDS, MSc, PhD(c); H. Austin Booth, MA, MIS; Michael Glick, DMD; Gordon H. Guyatt, MD, MSc; Amir Azarpazhooh, DDS, MSc, PhD, FRCD(C); Thomas Agoritsas, MD Courtesy of the American Dental Association, you can access the full-text article for the next 3 months here (PDF) Context Knowing how to search for evidence that can inform clinical decisions is a fundamental skill for ...

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What are the effects of orthodontic treatment for class II malocclusion in children?

This summary is based on the Cochrane Oral Health Group review: Orthodontic treatment for prominent upper front teeth (Class II malocclusion) in children (November 2013) Badri Thiruvenkatachari, Jayne E Harrison, Helen V Worthington, Kevin D O’Brien Context Prominent upper front teeth are a common problem affecting about a quarter of 12-year old children in the UK. The correction of this condition is one of the most common treatments performed by orthodontists. This condition develops when the child’s permanent teeth erupt and children are often referred to an orthodontist for treatment with dental braces to reduce the prominence of the teeth. ...

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Could Cytisine be the next smoking cessation alternative?

This summary is based on the article published in the New England Journal of Medicine: Cystine versus Nicotine for Smoking Cessation (December 2014) Natalie Walker, Ph.D., Colin Howe, Ph.D., Marewa Glover, Ph.D., Hayden McRobbie, M.B., Ch.B., Ph.D., Joanne Barnes, Ph.D., Vili Nosa, Ph.D., Varsha Parag, M.Sc., Bruce Bassett, B.A., and Christopher Bullen, M.B., Ch.B., Ph.D. Context Placebo-controlled trials indicate that cytisine, a partial agonist that binds the nicotinic acetylcholine receptor and is used for smoking cessation, almost doubles the chances of quitting at 6 months. Cytisine is a plant-based alkaloid found in members of the Leguminosae family.1, 2 Cytisine is a ...

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What are the effects of orthodontic treatment for posterior crossbites?

This summary is based on the Cochrane Oral Health Group review: Orthodontic treatment for posterior crossbites (August 2014) Paola Agostino, Alessandro Ugolini, Alessio Signori, Armando Silvestrini-Biavati, Jayne E Harrison, Philip Riley   Context A posterior crossbite occurs when the top back teeth bite inside the bottom back teeth. It occurs when the top teeth or jaw are narrower than the bottom teeth and can happen on one or both sides of the mouth. The condition affects between 1% and 16% of children who only have their baby teeth. Most posterior crossbites (50% to 90%) remain even when the permanent teeth ...

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