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News & Events

How safe is oral midazolam sedation in pediatric dentistry?

This summary is based on the article published in the International Journal of Pediatric Dentistry: Safety of oral midazolam sedation use in pediatric dentistry: a review (January 2014) Context Young children needing multiple procedures often cannot be managed using local anesthesia alone. General anesthesia (GA) is an alternative, but is associated with significant morbidity and expense.  Sedation is a possible alternative to GA for behaviour management but evidence in support of its use is weak. A recent systematic review noted that oral midazolam is one of the few agents available whose efficacy in dental procedures for children is supported by evidence. Midazolam is potentially an ideal sedative agent for pediatric dentistry because ...

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What is the effect of several bleaching agents on teeth stained with a resin-based sealer?

This summary is based on the article published in the International Endodontic Journal: Effect of several bleaching agents on teeth stained with a resin-based sealer (January 2014) Context Remnants of root filling materials and sealers in root filled teeth have been shown to cause tooth discoloration. Various bleaching agents are available to reverse tooth discoloration, including hydrogen peroxide and sodium perborate. Several investigations have assessed the discoloration potential of sealers and their effects on the teeth. However, there appears to be no documented research on efficacy of different bleaching agents for reversing discoloration caused by endodontic sealers. Purpose of the Study The study was designed to evaluate the effects of ...

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What is calcium channel blocker-induced gingival enlargement?

This summary is based on the article published in the Journal of Human Hypertension: Calcium channel blocker-induced gingival enlargement (June 2013) Context Despite the popularity and wide acceptance of the calcium channel blockers (CCBs) by the medical community, their oral impact is rarely recognized or discussed. CCBs, as a group, have been frequently implicated as an etiologic factor for a common oral condition seen among patients seeking dental care: drug-induced gingival enlargement or overgrowth. This enlargement can be localized or generalized, and can range from mild to extremely severe, affecting patient’s appearance and function. Treatment options for these patients include cessation of the offending drug ...

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Is light therapy a complementary antibacterial treatment of oral biofilm?

This summary is based on the article published in Advances in Dental Research: Light Therapy: Complementary Antibacterial Treatment of Oral Biofilm (September 2012) Context Conventional antibacterial treatment fails to eradicate biofilms associated with common infections of the oral cavity. Unlike chemical agents, which are less effective than anticipated, owing to diffusion limitations in biofilms, light is more effective on bacteria in biofilm than in suspension. Effectiveness depends also on the type and parameters of the light.  Purpose of the Article To present a rational selection of the specific types of light to be used. The article presents recent studies and novel work on the effects of two different ...

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Is there bone loss with immediate or delayed implant placement?

This summary is based on the article published in the International Journal of Oral Implantology and Clinical Research: Mesiodistal Bone Loss of Fresh Socket Placed Implants and Delay Placed Implants at the Anterior of the Maxilla (May-Aug 2013) Context Immediate implant placement in fresh extraction sockets provides the advantage of shorter treatment time along with minimizing the number of surgical interventions. Purpose of the Study To compare the amount of mesiodistal bone loss of fresh socket placed implants and delay placed implants at the anterior of the maxilla. Key Messages Comparison of marginal bone loss in fresh socket placed implants and delay implants did not show a significant difference. Also ...

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Orofacial syndromes: a better understanding of the etiopathogenesis, diagnosis and management

This summary is based on the article published by the International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology: Orofacial Syndromes: An Approach Towards Etiopathogenesis, Diagnosis and Management. A Systematic Review (January 2013) Context Currently, there are more than 4,000 genetic disorders identified to date, of which orofacial syndromes form a considerable part. Genetic factors either in isolation or in combination with various environmental factors play an important role in causing these craniofacial anomalies.  It becomes a challenge for the dental practitioner to diagnose and manage orofacial syndromes due to the complexity of their multi-system involvement.  Purpose of the Review The paper ...

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Are there any approaches to caries prevention and therapy for the elderly?

This summary is based on the article published in Advances in Dental Research: Approaches to Caries Prevention and Therapy in the Elderly (September 2013) Context The population of the world is aging. A greater proportion of older people are retaining increasing numbers of natural teeth. Aging is associated with changes in oral architecture and muscle weakness, making personal oral hygiene more difficult, particularly for the oldest and most frail individuals. Furthermore, there is exposure of root dentin with its higher pH for demineralization in addition to enamel as a substrate for caries. Aging is also associated, for many in the developed world, with taking multiple medications, with the associated ...

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What is molar-incisor hypomineralization?

This summary is based on the article published in the International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Patholory: Molar-Incisor Hypomineralization: review of its prevalence, Etiology, Clinical Appearance and Management (January 2013) Context Molar-incisor hypomineralization (MIH) is defined as hypomineralization of systemic origin of one to four permanent first molars frequently associated with affected incisors. Affected molars present major clinical problems in terms of extensive tooth structure loss, hypersensitivity and difficulty in restoration and retention.  The prevalence of (MIH) ranges from 2.5 to 40% and seems to differ in certain regions and birth cohorts. Several factors are associated with the etiology of MIH. ...

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