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Research

Powered/electric toothbrushes vs. manual toothbrushes: which is better for maintaining oral health? A systematic review

This summary is based on the Cochrane Systematic Review: Powered/electric toothbrushes compared to manual toothbrushes for maintaining oral health (June 2014) Yaacob M, Worthington HV, Deacon SA, Deery C, Walmsley AD, Robinson PG, Glenny AM Context Good oral hygiene, through the removal of plaque (a sticky film containing bacteria) by effective tooth brushing has an important role in the prevention of gum disease and tooth decay. Dental plaque is the primary cause of gingivitis (gum inflammation) and is implicated in the progression to periodontitis, a more serious form of gum disease that affects the tissues that support the teeth. The ...

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Summary Report: NCOHR Team Building Workshop: Modelling the Interaction of Multidimensional Risk Factors in Caries Disparity

In September 2014, Drs. Elham Emami (Associate Professor, Université de Montréal) and Linda Booij (Assistant Professor, Queen’s University and Sainte-Justine Hospital) along with postdoctoral fellow Dr. Svetlana Tikhonova (Université de Montréal) led and organized a 2-day workshop to facilitate the development of new multi- and inter-disciplinary collaborative research teams on caries and oral health disparity. The workshop was centered on the following outcomes: Exchange knowledge on multidimensional modelling of caries disparities, and to identify caries disparity research gaps and needs; Discuss innovative strategies and interventions, targeting aspects of caries disparity that can be controlled by stakeholders, decision makers and primary ...

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The International Association of Dental Traumatology is seeking your help…

  The International Association of Dental Traumatology invites you to help with their project, which aims to develop a core outcome set for traumatic dental injuries in children and adults. The association is seeking your input on what these core outcomes should be. Click here to complete a survey that should not take more than 10 minutes to complete. The survey is available for one month and will close on October 16th, 2014 at 2300 GMT. All answers will remain anonymous.  A core outcome set is a set of outcomes that should be measured and reported as a minimum in clinical studies for ...

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Literature Search Service Pilot Project: a new service by the Dentistry Library at the University of Toronto

  The Dentistry Library at the University of Toronto is pleased to announce the launch of a pilot project to provide a Literature Search Service (LSS) for dentists in Canada who are not affiliated with a hospital or a university. The LSS will allow dentists who are researching a topic to ask the Dentistry Librarians for help in  conducting a search in PubMed. However, with limited resources, the number of requests we can  process at one time is restricted. Priority will be given to projects that will have broad impact on  oral health science research activities and dentist education in ...

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How do you gauge patient satisfaction with aesthetic dental treatment?

This summary is based on the article published in the British Dental Journal: Why simple aesthetic dental treatment in general practice does not make all patients happy (June 2014) S. Sarin, D. Gilbert and K. Asimakopoulou       Context The provision of general dental care has seen a paradigm shift in recent years.(1 ) This shift is due in part to new materials and bonding techniques but also due to the appetite of the public who now request an aesthetic result for all their treatment, be it a simple filling or denture replacing teeth in the aesthetic zone, through ...

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‘Usual treatment’ vs. ‘psychosocial interventions’ in the treatment of TMD: What’s the difference? A systematic review

This summary is based on the article published in the Journal of Oral & Facial Pain and Headache: A systematic review and meta-analysis of usual treatment versus psychosocial interventions in the treatment of myofacial temporomandibular disorder pain (summer 2014) Carolina Roldán-Barraza, DDS/Steffani Janko, DDS, PhD/Julio Villanueva, DDS, MBA/Ignacio Araya, DDS, MSc/Hans-Christoph Lauer, DDS, PhD     Context Temporomandibular disorders (TMD) represent a complex set of conditions reflecting different symptoms that affect the Temporomandibular joint and surrounding structures. Epidemiologic studies have shown that the majority of TMD patients are diagnosed with myofacial pain. (1) The different approaches to treatment as well as ...

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What’s the most effective way to surgically remove mandibular wisdom teeth?

This is a summary of the Cochrane Systematic Review: Surgical techniques for the removal of mandibular wisdom teeth (Review, 2014) Coulthard P, Bailey E, Esposito M, Furness S, Renton TF, Worthington HV Full-text of the Systematic Review (PDF) Summary of the Systematic Review  Context This research assesses the benefits and harms of the different ways to surgically remove wisdom teeth from the lower jaw. Removing wisdom teeth is one of the most common operations in dental surgery. Various techniques have been developed to carry this out, but which is the most effective? The review considered the following risks from surgery: pain ...

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Audio interview: What are the outcomes of implants and restorations placed in general dental practices?

Chiraz Guessaier, Manager of the CDA Oasis Project, spoke with Dr. Ronald Craig about the research featured in the latest issue of the Journal of the American Dental Association: Outcomes of implants and restorations placed in general dental practices. A retrospective study by the Practitioners Engaged in Applied Research and Learning (PEARL) Network Drs. John D. Da Silva; Julie Kazimiroff; Athena Papas; Frederick A. Curro; Van P. Thompson; Donald A. Vena; Hongyu Wu; Damon Collie; Ronald G. Craig; for the Practitioners Engaged in Applied Research and Learning (PEARL) Network Group   Courtesy of the American Dental Association, you can access the full-text article for the next 3 months here (PDF) Audio interview ...

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