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Supporting Your Practice

Implant Complications: What is the Scope of the Problem?

This summary is based on information found in Dental Implant Complications: Etiology, Prevention, and Treatment, 2nd Edition (Wiley Publishing, 2015) The introduction of endosseous dental implants as an option for restoring partially and fully edentulous patients has revolutionized dental treatment. High survival rates reported for single and multiple missing tooth replacements have validated the use of implant-supported restorations as a predictable method for oral rehabilitation (1–9). Problems with implant complications have grown in number and complexity and that is reflected in the increased number of articles, journals, and continuing education conferences that have recently been devoted to the topic of implant complications (12–31). Reasons for the increased numbers of implant complications The ...

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What is the role of diet in the prevention of dental diseases?

This summary is based on information found in Comprehensive Preventive Dentistry (Wiley Publishing, 2013) Dental diseases in which diet plays an etiological role include enamel developmental defects, dental caries, tooth wear, and periodontal disease. The main cause of tooth loss is dental caries, and in adults the main cause of tooth loss is periodontal disease. There is strong evidence from epidemiological studies for an association between the amount and frequency of free sugars intake and dental caries. Studies of human populations show that diets that are rich in complex carbohydrates from starchy staple foods and diets that are high in fresh fruit are associated with low levels of dental caries. ...

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Evidence-Based Dentistry in a Nutshell

This summary is based on information found in Comprehensive Preventive Dentistry (Wiley Publishing, 2013) “Evidence-based health care takes place when decisions that affect the care of patients are taken with due weight accorded to all valid, relevant information” (Hicks 2011). To understand the concepts of evidence-based dentistry, it is important to understand the basis of epidemiology, the nature of a given research question, and the best study designs that would provide the evidence to such a question. Epidemiology The study of the frequency, distribution, and determinants of health conditions or events (including disease) in human populations and the application of such study to control diseases and other health problems (U.S. ...

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September 1 is the application deadline for new Graduate Periodontology Program at the University of Alberta

Are you considering a career as a periodontist or as a researcher in the area of periodontology? If so, the new graduate periodontology program being offered at the University of Alberta might just be right for you. If you hope to begin graduate studies in 2017, you will have to get your application in before September 1, 2016. In this 3 minute video interview, the director of the new program and head of Periodontology, Dr. Liran Levin highlights some key information about the program.     September 1 will be the annual application deadline for the program which has two ...

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The Etiology of Dental Phobia

This summary is based on information found in Cognitive Behaviour Therapy for Dental Phobia and Anxiety (Wiley Publishing, 2013) Psychological and Interpersonal Aspects of Dental Treatment Taking different aspects of dental treatment into consideration, there is reason to believe that dental treatment triggers instinctive survival mechanisms. The threatening body position and potential obstruction of free air space during treatment may be perceived as threats by patients. Another essential feature of dental treatment is the intimacy of the oral area which may trigger a feeling of unpleasantness or stress and a defence reaction. Pain Dental tissues are highly innervated with pain receptors and almost any dental ...

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How to assess and manage bone fractures?

This summary is based on the article published in the Australian Dental Journal: Bone fractures: assessment and management (March 2016) L Lim; P Sirichai Context Severe dental traumatic injuries often involve the supporting bone and soft tissues. These bone fractures often present with a combination of other dental injuries such as luxation, avulsion and tooth root fractures.1 Purpose of the Article Present an overview of current concepts in the management of dentoalveolar fractures to assist the general dental practitioner in the overall understanding of dental trauma. Key Points Bone Fractures2 Comminution of the alveolar socket: crushing of the bone, usually associated with intrusive or lateral luxation. Fracture of the ...

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Rechargeable Anticandidal Denture Material with Sustained Release in Saliva

This summary is based on the article published in Oral Diseases: Rechargeable Anticandidal Denture Material with Sustained Release in Saliva (July 2016) A Malakhov, J Wen, B-X Zhang, H Wang, H Geng, X-D Chen, Y Sun, C-K Yeh Context Candida-induced denture stomatitis is a common debilitating problem among denture wearers. Previously, we described the fabrication of a new denture material that released antifungal drugs when immersed in phosphate buffered saline. Here, we use more clinically relevant immersion conditions (human saliva; 37°C) and measure miconazole release and bioactivity. Results HPLC was used to quantify miconazole levels in saliva. Miconazole-loaded disks released antifungal drug for up to 30 days. Higher drug ...

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Rehabilitating Severely Worn Teeth: A Systematic Review

This summary is based on the article published in the Journal of Dentistry: Rehabilitation of severely worn teeth: A systematic review (May 2016) Mauro Elias Mesko; Rafael Sarkis-Onofre; Maximiliano Sérgio Cenci; Niek Johannes Opdam; Bas Loomans; Tatiana Pereira-Cenci Context Tooth wear is loss of dental hard tissue due to non-carious processes, and can be identified as attrition, abrasion, or erosion [1]. Irrespective of epidemiological concerns or even etiological factors, at an individual level, tooth wear may become severe requiring a restorative treatment to be considered, because severe tooth wear may result in loss of vertical dimension of occlusion, tooth sensitivity, decreased ...

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