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Oncology

Do we need further proof on the dangers of smoking?

This summary is based on the 2014 US Surgeon General’s report: The Health Consequences of Smoking—50 Years of Progress: A Report of the Surgeon General, 2014. Read the Executive Summary (PDF) Read the full report (PDF) For the United States, the epidemic of smokingcaused disease in the twentieth century ranks among the greatest public health catastrophes of the century, while the decline of smoking consequent to tobacco control is surely one of public health’s greatest successes. However, the current rate of progress in tobacco control is not fast enough, and much more needs to be done to end the tobacco epidemic. Unacceptably high levels of smokingattributable disease and death, and the ...

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Osteoradionecrosis: New concepts and a proposed classification

This summary is based on the article published in the British Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery: Osteoradionecrosis—A review of current concepts in defining the extent of the disease and a new classification proposal (May 2014) Andrew Lyons, Jona Osher, Elinor Warner, Ravi Kumar, Peter A. Brennan Context Osteoradionecrosis (ORN) is potentially a debilitating and serious consequence of radiotherapy to the head and neck. Although it is oftendefined as an area of exposed bone that does not heal, it can also exist without breaching the mucosa or the skin. Currently, 3 classifica-tions of ORN are in use, but they depend on ...

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How are bisphosphonates used in children? Review of the literature and guidelines for dental management

This summary is based on the article published in the Australian Dental Journal: The use of bisphosphonates in children: review of the literature and guidelines for dental management (March 2014)

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What are the effects of different interventions used in the management of TMJ DDwoR? A systematic review

This summary is based on the article published in the Journal of Dental Research: TMJ Disc Displacement without Reduction Management: A Systematic Review (2014)

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How viable are titanium implants placed in irradiated jaws? A systematic review

This summary is based on the clinical review published in the Clinical Research Supplement of the Journal of Dental Research: Dental Implants Installed in Irradiated Jaws: A Systematic Review (December 2013)

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Does numbness matter? A clinical review of trigeminal neuropathy

This summary is based on the article published in Cephalagia: Numbness matters: A clinical review of trigeminal neuropathy (July 2011)

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How Frequent are Odontogenic Cysts and Tumours? A Systematic Review

This summary is based on the article published in the Journal of Investigative and Clinical Dentistry: Frequency of odontogenic cysts and tumors: a systematic review (February 2014) Nigel R. Johnson, Orla M. Gannon, Neil W. Savage, Martin D. Batstone For the next 3 months, you can access the full-text article (PDF). Courtesy of Wiley Publishing.

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Orofacial syndromes: a better understanding of the etiopathogenesis, diagnosis and management

This summary is based on the article published by the International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology: Orofacial Syndromes: An Approach Towards Etiopathogenesis, Diagnosis and Management. A Systematic Review (January 2013) Context Currently, there are more than 4,000 genetic disorders identified to date, of which orofacial syndromes form a considerable part. Genetic factors either in isolation or in combination with various environmental factors play an important role in causing these craniofacial anomalies.  It becomes a challenge for the dental practitioner to diagnose and manage orofacial syndromes due to the complexity of their multi-system involvement.  Purpose of the Review The paper ...

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