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Oncology

What are the effects of radiotherapy on dental hard tissue?

This summary is based on the article published in the journal of Clinical Oral Investigation: The effect of radiotherapy on dental hard tissue. A systematic review (January 2014) H. F. J. Lieshout & C. P. Bots Context Decay of teeth, erosion and disintegration of hard dental tissue are clinically often seen side effects after radiotherapy for tumours in the head and neck region. Purpose of the Review To investigate if these side effects are due to structural changes in dental hard tissues, the current literature was searched. It can influence the quality of life gravely. Results Tooth destruction occurs often and soon after irradiation. There ...

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Do we need further proof on the dangers of smoking?

This summary is based on the 2014 US Surgeon General’s report: The Health Consequences of Smoking—50 Years of Progress: A Report of the Surgeon General, 2014. Read the Executive Summary (PDF) Read the full report (PDF) For the United States, the epidemic of smokingcaused disease in the twentieth century ranks among the greatest public health catastrophes of the century, while the decline of smoking consequent to tobacco control is surely one of public health’s greatest successes. However, the current rate of progress in tobacco control is not fast enough, and much more needs to be done to end the tobacco epidemic. Unacceptably high levels of smokingattributable disease and death, and the ...

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Osteoradionecrosis: New concepts and a proposed classification

This summary is based on the article published in the British Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery: Osteoradionecrosis—A review of current concepts in defining the extent of the disease and a new classification proposal (May 2014) Andrew Lyons, Jona Osher, Elinor Warner, Ravi Kumar, Peter A. Brennan Context Osteoradionecrosis (ORN) is potentially a debilitating and serious consequence of radiotherapy to the head and neck. Although it is oftendefined as an area of exposed bone that does not heal, it can also exist without breaching the mucosa or the skin. Currently, 3 classifica-tions of ORN are in use, but they depend on ...

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How are bisphosphonates used in children? Review of the literature and guidelines for dental management

This summary is based on the article published in the Australian Dental Journal: The use of bisphosphonates in children: review of the literature and guidelines for dental management (March 2014)

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What are the effects of different interventions used in the management of TMJ DDwoR? A systematic review

This summary is based on the article published in the Journal of Dental Research: TMJ Disc Displacement without Reduction Management: A Systematic Review (2014)

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How viable are titanium implants placed in irradiated jaws? A systematic review

This summary is based on the clinical review published in the Clinical Research Supplement of the Journal of Dental Research: Dental Implants Installed in Irradiated Jaws: A Systematic Review (December 2013)

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Does numbness matter? A clinical review of trigeminal neuropathy

This summary is based on the article published in Cephalagia: Numbness matters: A clinical review of trigeminal neuropathy (July 2011)

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How Frequent are Odontogenic Cysts and Tumours? A Systematic Review

This summary is based on the article published in the Journal of Investigative and Clinical Dentistry: Frequency of odontogenic cysts and tumors: a systematic review (February 2014) Nigel R. Johnson, Orla M. Gannon, Neil W. Savage, Martin D. Batstone For the next 3 months, you can access the full-text article (PDF). Courtesy of Wiley Publishing.

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