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Oncology

Osteoradionecrosis: New concepts and a proposed classification

This summary is based on the article published in the British Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery: Osteoradionecrosis—A review of current concepts in defining the extent of the disease and a new classification proposal (May 2014) Andrew Lyons, Jona Osher, Elinor Warner, Ravi Kumar, Peter A. Brennan Context Osteoradionecrosis (ORN) is potentially a debilitating and serious consequence of radiotherapy to the head and neck. Although it is oftendefined as an area of exposed bone that does not heal, it can also exist without breaching the mucosa or the skin. Currently, 3 classifica-tions of ORN are in use, but they depend on ...

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How are bisphosphonates used in children? Review of the literature and guidelines for dental management

This summary is based on the article published in the Australian Dental Journal: The use of bisphosphonates in children: review of the literature and guidelines for dental management (March 2014)

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What are the effects of different interventions used in the management of TMJ DDwoR? A systematic review

This summary is based on the article published in the Journal of Dental Research: TMJ Disc Displacement without Reduction Management: A Systematic Review (2014)

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How viable are titanium implants placed in irradiated jaws? A systematic review

This summary is based on the clinical review published in the Clinical Research Supplement of the Journal of Dental Research: Dental Implants Installed in Irradiated Jaws: A Systematic Review (December 2013)

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Does numbness matter? A clinical review of trigeminal neuropathy

This summary is based on the article published in Cephalagia: Numbness matters: A clinical review of trigeminal neuropathy (July 2011)

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How Frequent are Odontogenic Cysts and Tumours? A Systematic Review

This summary is based on the article published in the Journal of Investigative and Clinical Dentistry: Frequency of odontogenic cysts and tumors: a systematic review (February 2014) Nigel R. Johnson, Orla M. Gannon, Neil W. Savage, Martin D. Batstone For the next 3 months, you can access the full-text article (PDF). Courtesy of Wiley Publishing.

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Orofacial syndromes: a better understanding of the etiopathogenesis, diagnosis and management

This summary is based on the article published by the International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology: Orofacial Syndromes: An Approach Towards Etiopathogenesis, Diagnosis and Management. A Systematic Review (January 2013) Context Currently, there are more than 4,000 genetic disorders identified to date, of which orofacial syndromes form a considerable part. Genetic factors either in isolation or in combination with various environmental factors play an important role in causing these craniofacial anomalies.  It becomes a challenge for the dental practitioner to diagnose and manage orofacial syndromes due to the complexity of their multi-system involvement.  Purpose of the Review The paper ...

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How efficient are Toluidine Blue and Brush Biopsy in diagnosing oral lesions?

This summary is based on the article published in the International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology: Efficacy of Toluidine Blue and Brush Biopsy in Oral Lesions (January 2013) Context Oral cancer is a global health problem and its early detection is of prime importance. In vivo stains and brush biopsy have emerged in recent years to aid as clinical diagnostic tools.  Purpose of the Study The study assessed the efficacy and accuracy of Toluidine blue and brush biopsy in comparison to wedge biopsy in patients with oral pre-malignancies and malignant lesions.  Key Messages The combined evaluation of Toluidine blue ...

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