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Restorative Dentistry

How accurate are visual methods in detecting carious lesions? A systematic review

This summary is based on the article published in Dental Research Journal: Visual Inspection for Caries Detection: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis (July 2015) Gimenez, C. Piovesan, M.M. Braga, D.P. Raggio, C. Deery, D.N. Ricketts, K.R. Ekstrand, and F.M. Mendes Context Caries detection in daily clinical practice is primarily performed by visual inspection (Bader et al. 2002) because it is a simple technique with no additional costs. Nevertheless, visual examination has some shortcomings, mainly related to its subjective nature (Braga et al. 2010), since examiners can demonstrate inconsistency in the interpretation of clinical characteristics of carious lesions (Bader et al. ...

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Clinical Decision-making for Caries Management in Children: An Update

This summary is based on the article published in Pediatric Dentistry: Clinical Decision-making for Caries Management in Children: An Update (March/April 2015) Rebecca L. Slayton, DDS, PhD Context Decision-making regarding the management of caries in children is governed by many factors, including the child’s age, caries risk, perceived motivation of the child and caregiver to comply with oral health recommendations, and current oral health status of the child. Dental caries continues to be one of the most common chronic diseases of childhood. Medical management of this disease has the potential to decrease the burden of disease in the most vulnerable ...

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Does the sugar found in medications increase the risk of caries?

This summary is based on the article published in the Journal of the American Dental Association: Sugar content, cariogenicity, and dental concerns with commonly used medications (February 2015) Mark Donaldson, BSP, RPH, PharmD, FASHP, FACHE Jason H. Goodchild, DMD Joel B. Epstein, DMD, MSD, FRCD(C), FDS, RCS(Edin) Courtesy of the American Dental Association, you can access the full-text article for the next 3 months here (PDF) Context Oral adverse events such as cariogenicity are often overlooked as drug-associated effects because the sugar content of many medications may be negligible compared with the patients’ overall dietary intake of sugar. There are, ...

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What are the emerging ceramic-based materials for Dentistry?

This summary is based on the article published in the Journal of Dental Research: Emerging Ceramic-based Materials for Dentistry (December 2014) I. Denry and J.R. Kelly Context Three new ceramic-based materials have recently been introduced in dentistry: monolithic zirconia, zirconia-containing lithium silicate ceramics, and interpenetrating phase composites. These emerging restorative materials stem from very different technological approaches that are likely to lead to further developments. Purpose of the Review To give an overview of a selection of emerging ceramics and issues for dental or biomedical applications, with emphasis on specific challenges associated with full-contour zirconia ceramics, and a brief synopsis ...

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Rhinosinusitis in oral medicine and dentistry

This summary is based on the article published in the Australian Dental Journal: Rhinosinusitis in oral medicine and dentistry (September 2014) M Ferguson     Context Rhinosinusitis is a very common condition which is normally readily recognizable. Given the intimate anatomic relationship between the antrum and the posterior maxillary teeth, maxillary sinusitis can present as odontalgia. Distinguishing between odontogenic orofacial pain and pain associated with maxillary sinusitis is important to prevent unnecessary dental intervention and to direct patients to medical colleagues. Conversely, odontogenic infection can spread to involve the antrum, termed odontogenic sinusitis, or maxillary sinusitis of dental origin. Odontogenic ...

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What are the possible associations between socioeconomic position and caries?

This summary is based on the article published in the Journal of Dental Research: Socioeconomic Inequality and Caries: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis (January 2015) F. Schwendicke, C.E. Dörfer, P. Schlattmann, L. Foster Page,W.M. Thomson, and S. Paris     Context Dental caries is the most prevalent disease worldwide, with the majority of caries lesions being concentrated in few, often disadvantaged social groups. A growing number of studies have found the distribution of caries lesions to be increasingly skewed, with a small fraction of (usually) disadvantaged individuals experiencing the majority of lesions or restorations. It has therefore been hypothesized that ...

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Are there morphological and structural changes in the enamel as a consequence of dental bleaching?

This summary is based on the article published in Materials Letters: New approach to determine the morphological and structural changes in the enamel as consequence of dental bleaching (February 2015) I. Izquierdo-Barba, C. Torres-Rodríguez, E. Matesanz, M. Vallet-Regí         Context Dental bleaching is commonly carried out to correct discolouration of anterior teeth. Most bleaching agents are strong oxidizing agents and the most popular bleaching agent includes hydrogen peroxide (1). Although this bleaching agent is highly effective in lightening tooth colour, concerns have been expressed regarding to associated post-bleaching complications including alteration in the surface morphology of enamel ...

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Powered/electric toothbrushes vs. manual toothbrushes: which is better for maintaining oral health? A systematic review

This summary is based on the Cochrane Systematic Review: Powered/electric toothbrushes compared to manual toothbrushes for maintaining oral health (June 2014) Yaacob M, Worthington HV, Deacon SA, Deery C, Walmsley AD, Robinson PG, Glenny AM Context Good oral hygiene, through the removal of plaque (a sticky film containing bacteria) by effective tooth brushing has an important role in the prevention of gum disease and tooth decay. Dental plaque is the primary cause of gingivitis (gum inflammation) and is implicated in the progression to periodontitis, a more serious form of gum disease that affects the tissues that support the teeth. The ...

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