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Prosthodontics

When is it a good time to manage facial fractures? A systematic review

This summary is based on the article published in the International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery: The effect of treatment timing on the management of facial fractures: a systematic review (August 2014) M. J. L. Hurrell, M. D. Batstone   Context Facial fractures are a common presentation to hospitals worldwide. Their treatment has evolved dramatically in recent decades, particularly since the introduction of open reduction and internal fixation. However, many uncertainties remain. The relevance of delay from injury to treatment is commonly disputed amongst surgeons and in the literature. Intuitively, delaying the treatment of facial fractures could increase the risk of infection, the likelihood of technical difficulties, and the discomfort experienced ...

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What’s the current consensus on the best cement for implant crowns?

This question was submitted by a general dentist: What’s the current consensus on the best cement for implant crowns? Dr. Joseph Fava and Dr. Suham Alexander prepared this quick initial response.             Today, clinicians can choose between cement or screw-retained implant restorations. Cemented restorations have gained popularity for various reasons (1 – 5):  More easily achieved passive superstructures. Less complex correction of non-passive superstructure. Simpler axial loading. Possible use of traditional core supported crown and bridge techniques. Possible use of traditional prosthetic laboratory techniques. Decreased technical complications, such as fracture of veneering porcelain or acrylic. Simplified ...

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What is the epidemiology of oral health conditions in older people?

This summary is based on the article published in Gerodontology: Epidemiology of oral health conditions in older people (February 2014) William Murray Thomson Context The main conditions of interest when considering the epidemiology of oral diseases among older people are tooth loss, dental caries, periodontitis, dry mouth and oral pre-cancer/cancer, along with oralhealth-related quality of life (OHRQoL). Purpose of the Article This article presents an overview of what is known about the epidemiology of each of the main conditions of interest among older populations. Key Points Although complete tooth loss is declining, incremental tooth loss continues and is an important determinant of poor OHRQoL. Dental ...

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How successful are implants placed in sites of previously failed implants? A systematic review

This summary is based on the article published in Implant Dentistry: Implants Placed in Sites of Previously Failed Implants: A Systematic Review (June 2014) Alessandro Quaranta, DDS, PhD, Vittoria Perrotti, DDS, PhD, Adriano Piattelli, MD, DDS, Matteo Piemontese, MD, DDS, and Maurizio Procaccini, MD, DDS Context Despite the high success rates reported for dental implants,(1, 2) failures requiring implant removal do occur. The overall first year failure rate may vary between 3% and 8%.(3) There are different patient-related reasons to avoid reimplantation, such as additional costs, fear of additional pain, and fear of a second failure4; nevertheless, implant replacement still remains a therapeutical option to be considered. Purpose of the Review The ...

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Does wearing dentures change sensory nerve responses under the denture base?

This summary is based on the article published in Gerodontology: Does wearing dentures change sensory nerve responses under the denture base? (March 2014) Nana Ito, Suguru Kimoto and Yasuhiko Kawai Context The standard textbook on complete dentures suggests the necessity of relief for the incisive and posterior palatine foramina of denture wearers to prevent the impingement of the nerves and vessels passing through these foramina. However, concrete evidence of the effect of dentures on the sensory function of the nerves underlying dentures is lacking. Purpose of the Study The study aim was to investigate the influence of denture-induced compression on sensory nerve responses to stimulations. ...

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What are the aspects of color selection and color reproduction of ceramic and zirconia restorations? A review

This summary is based on the article published in Dental Materials: Color related to ceramic and zirconia restorations: A review (january 2011) Alessandro Vichia, Chris Louca, Gabriele Corciolani, Marco Ferrari

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What is the crown-to-root ratio for short implants and crowns that are long or longer than the 50/50 guide for natural teeth?

This question was submitted by a general dentist:  What does the literature say about crown-root ratio for implants with regard to short implants and crowns that are long or longer than the 50/50 guide for natural teeth? Dr. Suham Alexander, Oasis Discussions Clinical Editor, and Dr. Effie Habsha drafted and reviewed this quick initial response 

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Are short implants in patients with atrophic alveolar ridges successful?

This summary is based on the article published in the Journal of Dental Research: Tooth Loss in Aggressive Periodontitis: A Systematic Review (2013)

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