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Prosthodontics

Digital versus conventional impressions for fixed prosthodontics: A systematic review and meta-analysis

This summary is based on the article published in The Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry: Digital versus conventional impressions for fixed prosthodontics: A systematic review and meta-analysis (August 2016) Context  In the fabrication of fixed multi- or single unit dental restorations, the accuracy of marginal and internal fit are integral to the long-term success of the crowns. Discrepancies in the internal fit can adversely affect the seating of the crown as well as the marginal fit. Typically, an impression captures the restorations’ margins and their internal aspects. Nowadays, impressions can be made using conventional impression materials such as polyether or polyvinyl siloxane or ...

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Distinct Oral Neutrophil Subsets Define Health and Periodontal Disease States

Dr. Michael Glogauer, from the Faculty of Dentistry at the University of Toronto, recently published an article in the Journal of Dental Research titled: Distinct Oral Neutrophil Subsets Define Health and Periodontal Disease States. In this interview Dr. Glaogauer gives further details about this research and its significance for dentistry.  Highlights Neutrophils exit the vasculature and swarm to sites of inflammation and infection. However, these cells are abundant in the healthy, inflammation-free human oral environment, suggesting a unique immune surveillance role within the periodontium. We hypothesize that neutrophils in the healthy oral cavity occur in an intermediary parainflammatory state that allows them to interact ...

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Implant-Related Nerve Injuries: Avoidance Strategies and Management

This summary is based on the article published in Dental Clinics of North America: Implant-related Nerve Injuries (April 2015) Ricardo A. Boyce, DDS, FICD; Gary Klemons, DDS Context Nerve injuries in the maxillofacial region may happen as a result of trauma, neoplasms, infections, or secondary to a surgical procedure. Because of the limitations of such investigations there is a large range in the rates of injury reported from study to study.1 To complicate the issue further, the data are usually stratified, separating transient impairment from permanent loss of function, and only occasionally is the presence or absence of painful neuralgias ...

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How do you treatment plan for restorative implantology?

This summary is based on the article published in Dental Clinics of North America: Treatment Planning for Restorative Implantology (April 2015) Ricardo A. Boyce, DDS, FICD; Gary Klemons, DDS Context More than 30 million people Americans are missing their teeth, according to the American Academy of Implant Dentistry. The restorative dentist should inquire about: If there were any surgical complications, Insertion torque, If there was a need for bone grafting or sinus lift, The size/diameter of the platform and length of the implant, The implant manufacturer, The estimated time of placement of the healing cap, and The clearance from the ...

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What are the basic concepts and techniques of dental implants?

This summary is based on the article published in Dental Clinics of North America: Basic Concepts and Techniques of Dental Implants (April 2015) Jonathan M. Tagliareni, DDS; Earl Clarkson, DDS Context Dental implants provide a predictable, effective, and reliable means for tooth replacements. Additionally, dental implants provide completely edentulous and partial edentulous patients the function and esthetics they had with natural dentition. It enables patients to regain normal masticatory function, esthetics, speech, smile, and deglutition. In patients with orofacial pain, it may resolve painful symptoms as well as improve facial esthetics and appearance. Key Points Biological and Functional Considerations Osseointegration is ...

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Digital Impressions: A conversation opener with Dr. Effie Habsha

In this conversation opener, Dr. Effie Habsha, from Prosthodontics Associates, speaks to Dr. John O’Keefe about digital impressions and the latest systems available to dentists. Dr. Habsha also gives a brief overview of how the 3M True Definition Scanner works.  If you have questions about this topic or would like to ask Dr. Effie Habsha a question, please send us an email at oasisdiscussions@cda-adc.ca or directly email Dr. Habsha at ehabsha@buildyoursmile.com Dr. Effie Habsha is a prosthodontist at Prosthodontics Associates and holds various academic positions. Dr. Habsha’s bio      Watch the video conversation    

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What are patients’ perceptions of benefits and risks of complete denture therapy? A study

This summary is based on the article published in the Journal of Prosthodontics: Patients’ Perceptions of Benefits and Risks of Complete Denture Therapy (October 2014) Bàrbara Barbério Miranda, DDS, Mateus Bertolini Fernandes dos Santos, DDS, MSD, PhD, & Leonardo Marchini, DDS, MSD, PhD      Context Edentulous patients can have problems with feeding, speaking, and socializing. 1 Some edentulous patients may present an increase in psychological and social problems due to this handicap. Physical consequences of tooth loss also exist: residual ridge resorption, loss of facial support, and a decrease in bite force and masticatory efficiency. 2 The rehabilitation of edentulous ...

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Do sensation differences exist between dental implants and natural teeth?

This summary is based on the article published in Clinical Oral Implant Research: Do sensation differences exist between dental implants and natural teeth? A meta-analysis (November 2014) Nobuaki Higaki, Takaharu Goto, Yuichi Ishida, Megumi Watanabe, Yoritoki Tomotake, Tetsuo Ichikawa   Context Mastication is an essential function for processing foods into a bolus in the oral cavity. 1-3 This behavior is controlled in a coordinated manner by the stomatognathic organs and regulated by the central pattern generator in the brain stem. 4-5 Moreover, the oral sensory-motor system, including periodontal sensation, is thought to affect the oral motor behaviors and to be ...

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