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Periodontics

What are the basic types of bone-grafting materials used for the treatment of periodontal defects and what is osseous coagulum?

Grafts include autografts (intraoral, extraoral), allografts, alloplasts, and xenografts. The autografts may be harvested from the patient’s hip and rib (extraoral) or from a healing extraction socket, chin, maxillary tuberosity, or retromolar areas (intraoral). Allografts consist of freeze-dried bone and freeze-dried decalcified bone from another source (usually cadaver bone). Alloplasts are synthetic materials; the most commonly used are tricalcium phosphate, calcium carbonate, and hydroxyapatite. Xenografts are typically bovine-based. Osseous coagulum is another type of grafting material, normally obtained during osseous surgery. The bone or blood shavings are collected and then packed into the defect in an attempt to promote new bone formation. Because the bone is predominantly cortical, ...

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Case Conference: How would you manage this case of gingival recession?

Dr. Trudy Nwachukwu, third-year Periodontics Resident at the University of Manitoba, is presenting a case of gingival recession using two grafting techniques.  Dr. Trudy Nwachukwu is a 2004 graduate of the University of Benin, Nigeria. She practiced general dentistry in Dublin, Ireland before completing a Masters degree in Dental Public Health at the University of Manchester, United Kingdom. She is currently a third year Periodontics Resident at the University of Manitoba.   Click here to watch how this case was resolved.   Watch the Case Presentation (6 mins)   We welcome your responses to this clinical case. You have the option ...

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What is the role of hyperlipidemia in the interrelationship between diabetes and periodontitis?

This summary is based on the article published in Archives of Oral Biology: Interrelationship between diabetes and periodontitis: Role of hyperlipidemia (April 2015) Xiaodong Zhou, Wenyi Zhang, Xiaoli Liu, Wu Zhang, Yiming Li Context Diabetes mellitus and periodontitis are both common, chronic diseases. It is generally accepted that the inter-relationship between diabetes mellitus and periodontitis is a two-way relationship, i.e. the presence of one condition tends to increases the risk and severity of the other, and vice versa. Mechanisms for this two-way relationship are largely unknown. Hyperlipidemia is a group of disorders characterized by an excess of lipids in the ...

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Conversation Opener: The latest research in the field of periodontal regeneration

Drs. Bernhard Ganss and Chris McCulloch spoke with Dr. John O’Keefe about their latest research in the field of periodontal regeneration.   Dr. Bernhard Ganss is Professor and Vice-Associate Dean (Research), Faculty of Dentistry, University of Toronto Dr. Chris McCulloch is Professor in the Faculty of Dentistry at the University of Toronto  Watch the video interview    

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Does treating periodontitis improve the atherosclerotic profile? A systematic review

This summary is based on the article published in the Journal of Clinical Periodontology: Treatment of periodontitis improves the atherosclerotic profile: a systematic review and meta-analysis (January 2014) Wijnand J. Teeuw, Dagmar E. Slot, Hendri Susanto, Victor E. A. Gerdes, Frank Abbas, Francesco D’Aiuto, John J. P. Kastelein and Bruno G. Loos   Courtesy of Wiley Publishing, access the full-text article for the next three months here Context A large number of studies have reported on the relationship between periodontitis and cardiovascular disease (CVD). (1, 2) Periodontitis is a common chronic multifactorial infectious disease of the supporting structures of the ...

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How effective are periodontal plastic surgery procedures in the treatment of localized facial gingival recessions? A systematic review

This summary is based on the article published in the Journal of Clinical Periodontology: Efficacy of periodontal plastic surgery procedures in the treatment of localized facial gingival recessions. A systematic review (April 2014) Cairo F, Nieri M, Pagliaro U.     Context The treatment of gingival recessions with periodontal plastic surgery procedures is possible request in modern dentistry (1). The ultimate goal of these procedures is the complete root coverage (CRC) and pleasant aesthetic outcomes (2, 3). Purpose of the Review The aim of this Systematic Review was to assess the clinical efficacy of periodontal plastic surgery procedures in the ...

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What are some of the immunological diseases encountered in dental practice?

This summary is based on the article published in the British Dental Journal: General medicine and surgery for dental practitioners: part 5. Immunological disease and dental practice (August 2014) M. Greenwood, J. G. Meechan and C. Stroud   Context At some stage in clinical practice all dental practitioners will encounter patients with disorders of the immune system. It is therefore important that dental practitioners are aware of the potential implications for safe practice. Purpose of the Paper Provides an overview of clinical immunology and how it interfaces with dentistry. Highlights signs of possible immunodeficiency. Discusses oral conditions that may be ...

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What is the impact of diet on periodontal health and wound healing after periodontal surgery?

This summary is based on the article published in the Open Dentistry Journal: Dietary strategies to optimize wound healing after periodontal and dental implant surgery: an evidence-based review Beatrice Y. Lau, Bryan D. Johnston, Peter C. Fritz and Wendy E. Ward Context Methods to optimize healing through dietary strategies present an attractive option for patients, such that healing from delicate oral surgeries occurs as optimally as possible with minimal patient-meditated complications through improper food choices. To date, research in this area has largely focused on foods or individual dietary components that may attenuate inflammation or oxidant stress, or foster de ...

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