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Periodontics

How effective are periodontal plastic surgery procedures in the treatment of localized facial gingival recessions? A systematic review

This summary is based on the article published in the Journal of Clinical Periodontology: Efficacy of periodontal plastic surgery procedures in the treatment of localized facial gingival recessions. A systematic review (April 2014) Cairo F, Nieri M, Pagliaro U.     Context The treatment of gingival recessions with periodontal plastic surgery procedures is possible request in modern dentistry (1). The ultimate goal of these procedures is the complete root coverage (CRC) and pleasant aesthetic outcomes (2, 3). Purpose of the Review The aim of this Systematic Review was to assess the clinical efficacy of periodontal plastic surgery procedures in the ...

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What are some of the immunological diseases encountered in dental practice?

This summary is based on the article published in the British Dental Journal: General medicine and surgery for dental practitioners: part 5. Immunological disease and dental practice (August 2014) M. Greenwood, J. G. Meechan and C. Stroud   Context At some stage in clinical practice all dental practitioners will encounter patients with disorders of the immune system. It is therefore important that dental practitioners are aware of the potential implications for safe practice. Purpose of the Paper Provides an overview of clinical immunology and how it interfaces with dentistry. Highlights signs of possible immunodeficiency. Discusses oral conditions that may be ...

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What is the impact of diet on periodontal health and wound healing after periodontal surgery?

This summary is based on the article published in the Open Dentistry Journal: Dietary strategies to optimize wound healing after periodontal and dental implant surgery: an evidence-based review Beatrice Y. Lau, Bryan D. Johnston, Peter C. Fritz and Wendy E. Ward Context Methods to optimize healing through dietary strategies present an attractive option for patients, such that healing from delicate oral surgeries occurs as optimally as possible with minimal patient-meditated complications through improper food choices. To date, research in this area has largely focused on foods or individual dietary components that may attenuate inflammation or oxidant stress, or foster de ...

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Does periodontal treatment matter for periodontitis patients with cardiovascular disease?

This summary is based on the article publishedin the Journal of Clinical Periodontology: Treatment of periodontitis improves the atherosclerotic profile: a systematic review and meta-analysis (January 2014) Wijnand J. Teeuw, Dagmar E. Slot, Hendri Susanto, Victor E. A. Gerdes, Frank Abbas, Francesco D’Aiuto, John J. P. Kastelein and Bruno G. Loos Context Periodontitis is a common chronic multifactorial infectious disease of the supporting structures of the teeth (root cementum, periodontal ligament and alveolar bone) and a major cause of tooth loss. Several causal mechanisms have been proposed whereby bacterial pathogens, antigens, endotoxins, and/or inflammatory cytokines from periodontal lesions in the oral cavity contribute to the process of atherogenesis as well as to thromboembolic events and thereby increase the risk for cardiovascular ...

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What is the relationship between harmful alcohol use and periodontal status across gender and tobacco use?

This summary is based on the article published in the BMC Oral Health: Association between harmful alcohol use and periodontal status according to gender and smoking (June 2014) Hyang-Sun Kim, Ji-Hyun Son, Hee-Yong Yi, Hae-Kyoung Hong, Hyoun-Jun Seo, and Kwang-Hak Bae     Context Periodontitis is a chronic and long-lasting low-grade inflammatory disease that leads to a break-down of the connective tissue and bone that anchors the teeth to the jaws. (1, 2) Long-term and excessive alcohol consumption can influence host defenses causing toxic damage, which is implicated in a wide variety of diseases, disorders, and injuries such as oropharyngeal cancer, liver cirrhosis, ...

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What are the effects of probiotics in periodontal diseases? A systematic review

This summary is based on the article published in the Clinical Oral Investigation journal: Effects of probiotics in periodontal diseases: a systematic review (May 2013)

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What is the relationship between smoking and periodontal disease? Review of the literature

This summary is based on the article published in the New York State Dental Journal: The relationship between smoking and periodontal disease. Review of the literature and case report (November 2013)

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Are reconstructive procedures successful in treating peri-implantitis? A systematic review

This summary is based on the article published in the Journal of Dental Research: Reconstructive Procedures for Treating Peri-implantitis: A Systematic Review (December 2013)

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