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Pediatric Dentistry

What should be included in an infant dental health program?

This information was adapted from Dental Secrtes, Elsevier, 2015. Download the Animated PowerPoint Presentation Download the PowerPoint Presentation (PDF)   Watch the video presentation Infant Dental Health Program from Canadian Dental Association on Vimeo.  

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What are non-nutritional sucking habits and what are the best interventions?

Non-nutritional sucking habits are learned patterns of muscular contraction. The most common types are: Finger habit Lip wetting or sucking Abnormal swallowing or tongue thrusting Abnormal muscular habits Sucking is the best-developed sensation avenue for an infant. Deprivation may cause an infant to suck on the thumb or finger for additional gratification. If a child stops non-nutritional sucking habits within his or her first 3 years of life, the damage usually is limited to the maxillary anterior segment and presents as an open bite. If the habit continues past 3 years, the damage may be long-lasting and detrimental to the developing dentoalveolar structures. After 4 ...

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Are there side effects of intravenous midazolam sedation when used in paediatric dentistry? A review

This summary is based on the article published in International Journal of Pediatric Dentistry: Reported side effects of intravenous midazolam sedation when used in pediatric dentistry: a review (May 2015) Arathi Papineni Mcintosh, Paul Francis Ashley and Liege Lourenco-Matharu   Context Intravenous (IV) midazolam may be of value as an alternative pediatric dental sedation technique, but there is some apprehension concerning its routine use due to a lack of evidence regarding its safety and side effects. Purpose of the Review To review all available literature reporting the side effects of IV midazolam in children undergoing dental procedures. Key Findings There ...

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What is the difference between natal and neonatal teeth?

Natal teeth are present at birth, whereas neonatal teeth emerge through the gingiva during the first month of life. There is a large range in the reported prevalence of natal teeth. One study used two methods of determining prevalence: method 1 prevalence was 1 in 3667 births and method 2 prevalence was 1 in 716 births. In previous studies, the prevalence ranged from 1 in 1000 to 30,000 births. Characteristics of natal teeth 95% are the actual primary teeth; 5% are supernumerary teeth. All natal teeth observed in one study were mandibular central incisors. A family history of natal teeth has been established in ...

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CDA Oasis Conversation: Adopting a risk-management approach to treat early childhood caries

Dr. Ian McConnachie, pediatric dentist in Ottawa, ON, spoke with Dr. John O’Keefe about the importance of preventing early childhood caries. Key Points The concept of first exam by first birthday has been a standard of care in Canada for over 10 years. However, parents knowing about the standard and seeking care for their infants are unable to find dental offices willing  to take on these children. At the same time, the early childhood epidemic, the needs for treatment under general anesthesia, and the morbidity of the disease continue to be at unacceptably high levels. Thirty one percent (31%) of ...

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Is there an association between sleep bruxism and psychosocial factors in children and adolescents? A systematic review

This summary is based on the article published in Clinical Pediatrics: Association between Sleep Bruxism and Psychosocial Factors in Children and Adolescents: A Systematic Review (May 2015) Graziela De Luca Canto, DDS, MSc, PhD; Vandana Singh, DDS, MSc; Paulo Conti, DDS, MSc, PhD; Bruce D. Dick, PhD, RPsych; David Gozal, MD; Paul W. Major, DDS, MSc, FRCD(C); and Carlos Flores-Mir, DDS, MSc, DSc, FRCD(C) Context Bruxism is defined as the “repetitive jaw-muscle activity characterized by clenching or grinding of the teeth and/or by bracing or thrusting of the mandible.”1 Bruxism has 2 distinct circadian manifestations: It can occur during sleep ...

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Artificial food colorings and sugars commonly consumed by children: How much are we talking about?

This summary is based on the Commentary published in Clinical Pediatrics: Amounts of Artificial Food Dyes and Added Sugars in Foods and Sweets Commonly Consumed by Children (April 2015) Laura J. Stevens, MS, John R. Burgess, PhD, Mateusz A. Stochelski, BS, and Thomas Kuczek, PhD Context Artificial food colors (AFCs) are used to color many beverages, foods, and sweets in the United States and throughout the world. In the United States, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) limits the AFCs allowed in the diet to 9 different colors. The FDA certifies each batch of manufactured AFCs to guarantee purity and ...

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Oasis Patient Resource: A healthy mouth for your baby

This video and additional materials are provided to dentists to use for patient information. If you are interested in using the video in your own practice, please email us at oasisdiscussions@cda-adc.ca and we will gladly provide you with the original Powerpoint presentation as well as the video file. You will then be able to customize it with your own logo and office information.  Download the PDF version  Watch the video presentation      

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