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Dental Specialties

What is calcium channel blocker-induced gingival enlargement?

This summary is based on the article published in the Journal of Human Hypertension: Calcium channel blocker-induced gingival enlargement (June 2013) Context Despite the popularity and wide acceptance of the calcium channel blockers (CCBs) by the medical community, their oral impact is rarely recognized or discussed. CCBs, as a group, have been frequently implicated as an etiologic factor for a common oral condition seen among patients seeking dental care: drug-induced gingival enlargement or overgrowth. This enlargement can be localized or generalized, and can range from mild to extremely severe, affecting patient’s appearance and function. Treatment options for these patients include cessation of the offending drug ...

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Is light therapy a complementary antibacterial treatment of oral biofilm?

This summary is based on the article published in Advances in Dental Research: Light Therapy: Complementary Antibacterial Treatment of Oral Biofilm (September 2012) Context Conventional antibacterial treatment fails to eradicate biofilms associated with common infections of the oral cavity. Unlike chemical agents, which are less effective than anticipated, owing to diffusion limitations in biofilms, light is more effective on bacteria in biofilm than in suspension. Effectiveness depends also on the type and parameters of the light.  Purpose of the Article To present a rational selection of the specific types of light to be used. The article presents recent studies and novel work on the effects of two different ...

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Is there bone loss with immediate or delayed implant placement?

This summary is based on the article published in the International Journal of Oral Implantology and Clinical Research: Mesiodistal Bone Loss of Fresh Socket Placed Implants and Delay Placed Implants at the Anterior of the Maxilla (May-Aug 2013) Context Immediate implant placement in fresh extraction sockets provides the advantage of shorter treatment time along with minimizing the number of surgical interventions. Purpose of the Study To compare the amount of mesiodistal bone loss of fresh socket placed implants and delay placed implants at the anterior of the maxilla. Key Messages Comparison of marginal bone loss in fresh socket placed implants and delay implants did not show a significant difference. Also ...

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Orofacial syndromes: a better understanding of the etiopathogenesis, diagnosis and management

This summary is based on the article published by the International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology: Orofacial Syndromes: An Approach Towards Etiopathogenesis, Diagnosis and Management. A Systematic Review (January 2013) Context Currently, there are more than 4,000 genetic disorders identified to date, of which orofacial syndromes form a considerable part. Genetic factors either in isolation or in combination with various environmental factors play an important role in causing these craniofacial anomalies.  It becomes a challenge for the dental practitioner to diagnose and manage orofacial syndromes due to the complexity of their multi-system involvement.  Purpose of the Review The paper ...

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Are there any approaches to caries prevention and therapy for the elderly?

This summary is based on the article published in Advances in Dental Research: Approaches to Caries Prevention and Therapy in the Elderly (September 2013) Context The population of the world is aging. A greater proportion of older people are retaining increasing numbers of natural teeth. Aging is associated with changes in oral architecture and muscle weakness, making personal oral hygiene more difficult, particularly for the oldest and most frail individuals. Furthermore, there is exposure of root dentin with its higher pH for demineralization in addition to enamel as a substrate for caries. Aging is also associated, for many in the developed world, with taking multiple medications, with the associated ...

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What is molar-incisor hypomineralization?

This summary is based on the article published in the International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Patholory: Molar-Incisor Hypomineralization: review of its prevalence, Etiology, Clinical Appearance and Management (January 2013) Context Molar-incisor hypomineralization (MIH) is defined as hypomineralization of systemic origin of one to four permanent first molars frequently associated with affected incisors. Affected molars present major clinical problems in terms of extensive tooth structure loss, hypersensitivity and difficulty in restoration and retention.  The prevalence of (MIH) ranges from 2.5 to 40% and seems to differ in certain regions and birth cohorts. Several factors are associated with the etiology of MIH. ...

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What is the best method to prepare enamel on teeth surface to improve the bonding of fixed orthodontic braces?

This summary is based on the Cochrane systematic review: Preparing tooth surfaces in preparation for the bonding of fixed orthodontic braces Context  Acid etching of tooth surfaces to promote the bonding of orthodontic attachments to the enamel has been a routine procedure in orthodontic treatment since the 1960s. Various types of orthodontic etchants and etching techniques have been introduced in the past five decades. Although a large amount of information on this topic has been published, there is a significant lack of consensus regarding the clinical effects of different dental etchants and etching techniques. Purpose of the Review To compare the ...

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How efficient are Toluidine Blue and Brush Biopsy in diagnosing oral lesions?

This summary is based on the article published in the International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology: Efficacy of Toluidine Blue and Brush Biopsy in Oral Lesions (January 2013) Context Oral cancer is a global health problem and its early detection is of prime importance. In vivo stains and brush biopsy have emerged in recent years to aid as clinical diagnostic tools.  Purpose of the Study The study assessed the efficacy and accuracy of Toluidine blue and brush biopsy in comparison to wedge biopsy in patients with oral pre-malignancies and malignant lesions.  Key Messages The combined evaluation of Toluidine blue ...

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