Home » Supporting Your Practice » Dental Specialties (page 30)

Dental Specialties

Does wearing dentures change sensory nerve responses under the denture base?

This summary is based on the article published in Gerodontology: Does wearing dentures change sensory nerve responses under the denture base? (March 2014) Nana Ito, Suguru Kimoto and Yasuhiko Kawai Context The standard textbook on complete dentures suggests the necessity of relief for the incisive and posterior palatine foramina of denture wearers to prevent the impingement of the nerves and vessels passing through these foramina. However, concrete evidence of the effect of dentures on the sensory function of the nerves underlying dentures is lacking. Purpose of the Study The study aim was to investigate the influence of denture-induced compression on sensory nerve responses to stimulations. ...

Read More »

Does periodontal treatment matter for periodontitis patients with cardiovascular disease?

This summary is based on the article publishedin the Journal of Clinical Periodontology: Treatment of periodontitis improves the atherosclerotic profile: a systematic review and meta-analysis (January 2014) Wijnand J. Teeuw, Dagmar E. Slot, Hendri Susanto, Victor E. A. Gerdes, Frank Abbas, Francesco D’Aiuto, John J. P. Kastelein and Bruno G. Loos Context Periodontitis is a common chronic multifactorial infectious disease of the supporting structures of the teeth (root cementum, periodontal ligament and alveolar bone) and a major cause of tooth loss. Several causal mechanisms have been proposed whereby bacterial pathogens, antigens, endotoxins, and/or inflammatory cytokines from periodontal lesions in the oral cavity contribute to the process of atherogenesis as well as to thromboembolic events and thereby increase the risk for cardiovascular ...

Read More »

Video Presentation: How important is patient satisfation? Study Findings

This is the summary of the findings of the National Dental Practice-Based Research Network’s study of satisfaction of patients who received a restorative treatment. Watch the video   Patient satisfaction is important due to its: Impact on the likelihood of a patient choosing a dentist, making, and keeping appointments. Impact on the patients’ oral healthcare and on maintaining regular dental care. Study Purpose Determine patient satisfaction with components of a restoration visit. Identify factors associated with greater patient satisfaction. Examine whether dentists are aware of their patient’s satisfaction. Study Findings The highest levels of satisfaction were seen for the friendliness of the ...

Read More »

Video Presentation: Repair or Replace a Defective Restoration? Study Findings

This is the summary of the findings of the National Dental Practice-Based Research Network’s study on repair or replacement of defective restorations.  Watch the video   Purpose of the Study Determine whether dentists in practices in the Dental PBRN are more likely to repair rather than replace a restoration that they diagnose as defective. Quantify the specific reasons for repairing or replacing restorations. Test the hypothesis that certain dentist-, patient-, and restoration-related variables are associated with the decision between repairing and replacing restorations. Study Findings Dentists were more likely to replace rather than repair by a 3-fold difference. Dentists who placed ...

Read More »

Which rotary endodontic and obturation system is the best?

This question was submitted by a general dentist: Which rotary endodontic and obturation system is the best? Dr. Rodrigo Cunha, Assistant Professor and Division Head, Endodontology Program Director in the faculty of Dentistry at the University of Manitoba provided this initial answer. Currently, there are several rotary endodontic systems in the dental market and all designed with one specific goal in mind – to clean and shape the canal(s). However, several research studies have illustrated that regardless of the type of file used to shape the canal, none are able to contact all the canal walls or surfaces. (1, 2)     ...

Read More »

Osteoradionecrosis: New concepts and a proposed classification

This summary is based on the article published in the British Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery: Osteoradionecrosis—A review of current concepts in defining the extent of the disease and a new classification proposal (May 2014) Andrew Lyons, Jona Osher, Elinor Warner, Ravi Kumar, Peter A. Brennan Context Osteoradionecrosis (ORN) is potentially a debilitating and serious consequence of radiotherapy to the head and neck. Although it is oftendefined as an area of exposed bone that does not heal, it can also exist without breaching the mucosa or the skin. Currently, 3 classifica-tions of ORN are in use, but they depend on ...

Read More »

What is the relationship between harmful alcohol use and periodontal status across gender and tobacco use?

This summary is based on the article published in the BMC Oral Health: Association between harmful alcohol use and periodontal status according to gender and smoking (June 2014) Hyang-Sun Kim, Ji-Hyun Son, Hee-Yong Yi, Hae-Kyoung Hong, Hyoun-Jun Seo, and Kwang-Hak Bae     Context Periodontitis is a chronic and long-lasting low-grade inflammatory disease that leads to a break-down of the connective tissue and bone that anchors the teeth to the jaws. (1, 2) Long-term and excessive alcohol consumption can influence host defenses causing toxic damage, which is implicated in a wide variety of diseases, disorders, and injuries such as oropharyngeal cancer, liver cirrhosis, ...

Read More »

What are the aspects of color selection and color reproduction of ceramic and zirconia restorations? A review

This summary is based on the article published in Dental Materials: Color related to ceramic and zirconia restorations: A review (january 2011) Alessandro Vichia, Chris Louca, Gabriele Corciolani, Marco Ferrari

Read More »