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Dental Specialties

‘Know thy patient’: is there a relationship between personality and oral health?

This summary is based on the article published in the European Journal of Oral Sciences: Personality and oral health (October 2011) Thomson WM, Caspi A, Poulton R, Moffitt TE, Broadbent JM.         Context Recent decades have seen a burgeoning in the use of self-report measures in oral epidemiological and health services research 1. This has been sparked by not only the development of such measures, but also by an increasing awareness of their utility in such research and the recognition that health is a subjective state 2. Research into the association between personality and health has shown at ...

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Lift the Lip: Uncovering the dangers of early childhood caries

Chiraz Guessaier, CDA Oasis Manager, spoke with Dr. Olva Odlum, senior scholar in the Department of Preventive Dentistry at the University of Manitoba, about the issue of extreme early childhood caries and their link to systemic health.       Listen to the audio interview   Interview Highlights The number of children between the ages of 2 and 5 presenting in hospitals every year with obvious signs of malnutrition is staggering. These are children with extreme early childhood caries. It is important for Canadian dentists to know about this issue because current research shows that broken and abscessed teeth in very ...

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A new digital resource: Dental Radiography, A quick reference guide for intraoral images, by Dr Anthea Senior

The September 9th edition of the News Bites included a news item about a new interactive radiography manual, authored by Dr. Anthea Senior, Clinical Associate professor in the radiology department in the School of Dentistry at the University of Alberta. The aim of the e-book is for students to have a quick reference guide to review before lab sessions and before they would take their first radiograph on patients. We interviewed Dr. Senior about her motivation to write the book as well as the value that such a resource brings in helping students and dental professionals.   Listen to the ...

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How often and over what time period will any excess root canal cement/sealer dissolve?

This question was submitted by a general dentist: If expressed through the apical foramen during RCT, how often and over what time period will any excess root canal cement/sealer dissolve? Dr. Mary Dabuleanu from Dabuleanu Dental and Dr. Suham Alexander provided this quick initial response:            Root canal sealers or cements play an important role in endodontic treatment such as: filling irregularities between the filling material and root canal walls filling accessory canals and foramina of canals binding agent for gutta percha or other core material to the dentin illustrates presence of areas of resorption, internal shape ...

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Are there any detrimental effects of tooth-whitening agents on enamel?

This question was submitted by a general dentist: Are there any detrimental effects of tooth-whitening agents on enamel? Some have shown increased microfracture in the enamel seen only under SEM; however, is it clinically relevant? Dr. Laura Tam, from the Faculty of Dentistry at the University of Toronto, and Dr. Suham Alexander provided this quick initial response     Tooth whitening has become an increasingly popular esthetic service for patients and is well-integrated in dental practices. At-home whitening with carbamide peroxide and hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) was originally part of a complete dental procedure which included the dentist examining the patient ...

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Does treating periodontitis improve the atherosclerotic profile? A systematic review

This summary is based on the article published in the Journal of Clinical Periodontology: Treatment of periodontitis improves the atherosclerotic profile: a systematic review and meta-analysis (January 2014) Wijnand J. Teeuw, Dagmar E. Slot, Hendri Susanto, Victor E. A. Gerdes, Frank Abbas, Francesco D’Aiuto, John J. P. Kastelein and Bruno G. Loos   Courtesy of Wiley Publishing, access the full-text article for the next three months here Context A large number of studies have reported on the relationship between periodontitis and cardiovascular disease (CVD). (1, 2) Periodontitis is a common chronic multifactorial infectious disease of the supporting structures of the ...

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How are vertical root fractures managed?

This summary is based on the article published in the Journal of Conservative Dentistry: Vertical root fractures and their management (March – April 2014) Sandhya Anand Khasnis, Krishnamurthy Haridas Kidiyoor, Anand Basavaraj Patil, and Smita Basavaraj Kenganal     Context Vertical root fractures associated with endodontically treated teeth and less commonly in vital teeth represent one of the most difficult clinical problems to diagnose and treat. In as much as there are no specific symptoms, diagnosis can be difficult. Clinical detection of this condition by endodontists is becoming more frequent, where as it is rather underestimated by the general practitioners. ...

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How effective are periodontal plastic surgery procedures in the treatment of localized facial gingival recessions? A systematic review

This summary is based on the article published in the Journal of Clinical Periodontology: Efficacy of periodontal plastic surgery procedures in the treatment of localized facial gingival recessions. A systematic review (April 2014) Cairo F, Nieri M, Pagliaro U.     Context The treatment of gingival recessions with periodontal plastic surgery procedures is possible request in modern dentistry (1). The ultimate goal of these procedures is the complete root coverage (CRC) and pleasant aesthetic outcomes (2, 3). Purpose of the Review The aim of this Systematic Review was to assess the clinical efficacy of periodontal plastic surgery procedures in the ...

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