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Orthodontics

How would you treat this case?

The following case was presented by a general dentist: 27 year-old Indian male. Patient had ortho treatment done 2 years ago with another dentist. Just after 2 days of debonding of brackets, patient had a fall with sustained tooth injuries to his upper front teeth 11,21,22 causing them to extrude in a retrolined inclination. Patient was treated by an oral surgeon at a private hospital and the patient’s pictures after 2 year plus are shown. Patient claims there were no follow ups after admission in the hospital.                       Patient’s concerns: ...

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What are the effects of orthodontic treatment for distalising upper first molars in children and adolescents?

This summary is based on the review published in the Chochrane database of systematic reviews: Orthodontic treatment for distalising upper first molars in children and adolescents (October 2013) Safa Jambi, Badri Thiruvenkatachari, Kevin D O’Brien, Tanya Walsh   Context When orthodontic treatment is provided with fixed appliances, it is sometimes necessary to move the upper molar teeth backwards (distalise) to create space or help to overcome anchorage requirements. This can be achieved with the use of extraoral or intraoral appliances. The most common appliance is extraoral headgear, which requires considerable patient co-operation. Further, reports of serious injuries have been published. ...

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How effective is preemptive analgesia on postoperative pain following third molar surgery? Review of literatures

This summary is based on the article published in the Japanese Dental Science Review: Effectiveness of preemptive analgesia on postoperative pain following third molar surgery? Review of literatures (November 2013) Akira Yamaguchi and Kimito Sano  Context  Surgery to remove the mandibular third molar is relatively invasive and is often associated with postoperative pain, swelling and trismus, which are frustrating for both patients and surgeons. In particular, postoperative pain increases the patient’s suffering and anxiety, and can disrupt the homeostasis of the circulatory and endocrine systems (1—3). Since it is also reported that postoperative pain can have a negative influence on wound healing, reliable and fast-onset analgesia is ...

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How successful are implants for orthodontic anchorage and what are the reasons of their failures?

This summary is based on the article published in Implant Dentistry: Implants for Orthodontic Anchorage: Success Rates and Reasons of Failures (April 2014) Juan C. Rodriguez, DDS, Fernando Suarez, DDS, Hsun-Liang Chan, DDS, MS, Miguel Padial-Molina, DDS, PhD, and Hom-Lay Wang, DDS, MSD, PhD Context In orthodontics, controlled forces are applied in specific directions to move teeth from improper locations into what is considered an “ideal” physiologic/esthetic location. To provide the movement, a steady and strong support known as orthodontic anchor is required. Anchorage, by definition, is a resistance to displacement provided by a static object. The most common anchor used is the patient’s own dentition; however, in some cases, the anchorage is limited or ...

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How are bisphosphonates used in children? Review of the literature and guidelines for dental management

This summary is based on the article published in the Australian Dental Journal: The use of bisphosphonates in children: review of the literature and guidelines for dental management (March 2014)

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What are the adverse effects between lingual and labial orthodontic treatment? A systematic review

This summary is based on the article published in Angle Orthodontist: Comparison of adverse effects between lingual and labial orthodontic treatment. A systematic review (November 2013)

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Case Video Presentation: Thinking out of the ‘bracket’… Is partial orthodontic treatment acceptable?

This case is presented by Dr. Asef Karim, DMD, MPH, MSc, FRCD(C)

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How do orthodontics interface with periodontics?

This summary is based on the article published by the Journal of Orofacial Orthopedics: Interfaces between orthodontic and periodontal treatment. Their current status (July 2011) Christoph Reichert, Martin Hagner, Søren Jepsen, Andreas Jäger

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