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Endodontics

What are the biological considerations in the management of traumatic dental injuries?

This summary is based on the article published in Endodontic Topics: Biological considerations in the management of traumatic dental injuries (May 2014) Leif K. Bakland and Jens Ove Andreasen Courtesy of Wiley Publishing, you can access the full-text article here for the next 3 months.    Context The use of established procedures for the management of patients with traumatic dental injuries should optimize both immediate and long-term outcomes. Dental injuries are not always easy to manage, even with available guidelines; the typical injury is often complicated by being a combination of several types of traumas (e.g. crown fracture combined with ...

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How often and over what time period will any excess root canal cement/sealer dissolve?

This question was submitted by a general dentist: If expressed through the apical foramen during RCT, how often and over what time period will any excess root canal cement/sealer dissolve? Dr. Mary Dabuleanu from Dabuleanu Dental and Dr. Suham Alexander provided this quick initial response:            Root canal sealers or cements play an important role in endodontic treatment such as: filling irregularities between the filling material and root canal walls filling accessory canals and foramina of canals binding agent for gutta percha or other core material to the dentin illustrates presence of areas of resorption, internal shape ...

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How are vertical root fractures managed?

This summary is based on the article published in the Journal of Conservative Dentistry: Vertical root fractures and their management (March – April 2014) Sandhya Anand Khasnis, Krishnamurthy Haridas Kidiyoor, Anand Basavaraj Patil, and Smita Basavaraj Kenganal     Context Vertical root fractures associated with endodontically treated teeth and less commonly in vital teeth represent one of the most difficult clinical problems to diagnose and treat. In as much as there are no specific symptoms, diagnosis can be difficult. Clinical detection of this condition by endodontists is becoming more frequent, where as it is rather underestimated by the general practitioners. ...

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What is gutta percha and how did it come to be used in dentistry? An interview with Dr. Mary Dabuleanu

Dr. Suham Alexander, Oasis Clinical Editor, interviewed Dr. Mary Dabuleanu, Endodontist at Dabuleanu Dental about the history of gutta percha and its use in dentistry.                 Listen to the Audio Interview (11 mins)   References Jeon KA, Lee IB, Bae KS, Lee WC, Baek SH. Measurement of thermal expansion characteristic of root canal filling materials : Gutta-percha and Resilon. J Kor Acad Cons Dent. 2006;31(5):344-351. doi: 10.5395/JKACD.2006.31.5.344.   Khatavkar RA, Hedge V. The weak link in endodontics: Gutta-percha – A need for change. World J Dent. 2010;1(3)217-24. Shipper G, Ørstavik D, Teixeira FB, Trope M. An ...

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Who should do the post-endodontic restoration – the restorative dentist or the endodontist?

This question was submitted by a general dentist: Who should do the post-endodontic restoration – the restorative dentist or the endodontist? Drs. Stephen Ferrier, Manny Friedman, and Suham Alexander prepared the following response The most important aspect of the post-endodontic restoration is establishing a sound coronal seal to prevent re-infection of the root canal system and to protect the weakened tooth from mechanical failure. Ideally, this should be completed when the endodontic obturation is done. Whether or not this is the ‘final’ or ‘ultimate’ restoration depends upon the tooth. The coronal seal may take the form of a: Core (including postless ...

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What are some of the immunological diseases encountered in dental practice?

This summary is based on the article published in the British Dental Journal: General medicine and surgery for dental practitioners: part 5. Immunological disease and dental practice (August 2014) M. Greenwood, J. G. Meechan and C. Stroud   Context At some stage in clinical practice all dental practitioners will encounter patients with disorders of the immune system. It is therefore important that dental practitioners are aware of the potential implications for safe practice. Purpose of the Paper Provides an overview of clinical immunology and how it interfaces with dentistry. Highlights signs of possible immunodeficiency. Discusses oral conditions that may be ...

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Video Presentation: What is the effect of root canal therapy on peri-operative pain?

This summary is based on the study conducted by the National Dental Practice-Based Research Network on peri-operative pain and root canal therapy. Donald Nixdorf, DDS, MS and Deborah Knaup, DDS, MS     Watch the Video   Severe pain most often occurs within the first 2 days following root canal therapy (RCT). Clinical Questions  What portion of patients experience severe pain following RCT? How does RCT affect the patients’ pain? Conclusion  On average, RCT reduces tooth pain intensity, duration, and interference in daily life.   Do you have any particular question on this topic? Do you have any comments or ...

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Apical extrusion of debris: a literature review

This summary is based on the article published in the International Endodontic Journal: Apical extrusion of debris: a literature review of an inherent occurrence during root canal treatment (March 2014) J. Tanalp & T. Güngör Context Extrusion of intracanal debris as well as irrigants is a common occurrence during root canal treatment, and no instrument or technique has thoroughly solved this problem. Because flare-ups may arise with any irritation directed towards periapical tissues, a shaping or irrigation technique should minimize the risk of apical extrusion, even though it may not be prevented. There has been a rapid evolution of root canal instruments and irrigation systems through the last decade, and ...

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