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Oral Health Research

AADR/CADR Annual Meeting 2014: Water Fluoridation: Safety, Effectiveness and Value in Oral Health Care

On Friday March 21st, 2014, the American Association for Dental Research (AADR) will hold a symposium on Water Fluoridation: Safety, Effectiveness & Value in Oral Health Care. Dr. John O’Keefe interviewed Dr. Stephen H. Abrams, about the significance of bringing the issue of water fluoridation to the general practitioner’s attention in order to start an informed dentist-patient and community-wide conversation. Context  Community water fluoridation (CWF) and other fluoride modalities historically have been and remain the cornerstone for the prevention and control of dental caries. There is extensive evidence on the efficacy and cost‐effectiveness of these interventions as well as assessments of the risks associated ...

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What’s recommended for invasive dental treatment in patients using oral antithrombotic medication, including novel oral anticoagulants?

This summary is based on the article published in the journal of Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology: Management recommendations for invasive dental treatment in patients using oral antithrombotic medication, including novel oral anticoagulants (December 2013) Denise E. van Diermen, MD, PhD, Isaäc van der Waal, DDS, PhD, and Johan Hoogstraten, PhD Context  Oral antithrombotic medication (OAM) has long been used successfully to treat a variety of thrombotic diseases, such as myocardial infarction, stroke, and deep venous thrombosis, and to prevent cardiovascular diseases.(1-4) For decades, doctors and patients have worried about the adverse side effects of these medicines, mainly consisting of bleeding complications, either spontaneously or ...

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Is There an Association between Maternal Periodontitis and Adverse Pregnancy Outcomes?

By  Mohammad A. Javaid;  McGill University, Montréal, Québec  (currently at the University of British Columbia) Robert Durand;  Université de Montréal, Montréal, Québec Yannie Chea;  Private office, Montreal, Quebec Andrea Hsu;  Private office, Montreal, Quebec Simon D. Tran; McGill University, Montréal, Québec Access the Supplement Context Pregnancy is a normal physiological process that may sometimes result in adverse events like preterm birth, low birth weight (LBW) and/or pre-eclampsia. A multitude of risk factors may increase the incidence of these adverse pregnancy outcomes (APOs), including maternal periodontitis. Purpose of Review In this review, we present the most recent epidemiological evidence with regard ...

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The Bidirectional Relationship between Periodontitis and Diabetes: How Should Patients Affected by Either or Both These Diseases be Managed?

This summary is based on a series of articles published in the Journal of Clinical Periodontology (2013, 40 Supplement 14)

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Update with author’s response: What will it be: Ibuprofen or acetaminophen for pain relief after surgical removal of lower wisdom teeth?

This is an update of the summary presented on December 17th, 2013. Based on our readers’ comments and questions, we have sought answers from the author. Due to their importance, we chose to present those in an updated post.  Dr. Edmund Bailey What would be the recommended dosing and schedule for combining the two medications? And what would be the maximum dosing guideline? If rescue medications are required, what would be recommended and how would that be modified, if a patient has a codeine allergy? Based on this review, the ideal doses are 400mg ibuprofen and 1000mg paracetamol, both may ...

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What are the new paradigms in diet and the microbial aetiology of dental caries?

This summary is based on the article published in the International Dental Journal: Diet and the microbial aetiology of dental caries: new paradigms (December 2013) David J. Bradshaw and Richard J. M. Lynch Courtesy of Wiley Publishing: You can access the full-text article for the next 3 months.  Access Wiley Dental Publications Context The microbial and dietary factors that drive caries have been studied scientifically for 120 years. Frequent and/or excessive sugar (especially sucrose) consumption has been ascribed a central role in caries causation, while Streptococcus mutans appeared to play the key role in metabolising sucrose to produce lactic acid, which can demineralise enamel.  Many authors ...

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Are gingival cells a therapeutic solution?

This summary is based on the article published in the Stem Cell and Development journal: Gingiva as a source of stem cells with therapeutic potential (December 2013)  Benjamin P.J. Fournier, Hannu Larjava, and Lari Hakkinen Context Postnatal connective tissues contain phenotypically heterogeneous cells populations that include distinct fibroblast subpopulations, pericytes, myofibroblasts, fibrocytes, and tissue-specific mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs). These cells play key roles in tissue development, maintenance, and repair and contribute to various pathologies. Depending on the origin of tissue, connective tissue cells, including MSCs, have different phenotypes. Understanding the identity and specific functions of these distinct tissue-specific cell populations may allow researchers to develop ...

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Bullying and Dentistry: the effects of malocclusion on school-aged children

This summary is based on the artcile published in the British Dental Journal: Bullying in schoolchildren – its relationship to dental appearance and psychosocial implications: an update for GDPs (May 2011) J. Seehra,J. T. Newton, and A. T. DiBiase Context Bullying in school-aged children is a global phenomenon. The effects of bullying can be both short- and long-term,  resulting in both physiological and psychological symptoms. It is likely that dental care professionals will encounter children who are subjected to bullying. Clinicians should be aware that children with a malocclusion could be subjected to persistent peer victimization, resulting in a negative impact on both their ...

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