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Are there any approaches to caries prevention and therapy for the elderly?

This summary is based on the article published in Advances in Dental Research: Approaches to Caries Prevention and Therapy in the Elderly (September 2013) Context The population of the world is aging. A greater proportion of older people are retaining increasing numbers of natural teeth. Aging is associated with changes in oral architecture and muscle weakness, making personal oral hygiene more difficult, particularly for the oldest and most frail individuals. Furthermore, there is exposure of root dentin with its higher pH for demineralization in addition to enamel as a substrate for caries. Aging is also associated, for many in the developed world, with taking multiple medications, with the associated ...

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What is molar-incisor hypomineralization?

This summary is based on the article published in the International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Patholory: Molar-Incisor Hypomineralization: review of its prevalence, Etiology, Clinical Appearance and Management (January 2013) Context Molar-incisor hypomineralization (MIH) is defined as hypomineralization of systemic origin of one to four permanent first molars frequently associated with affected incisors. Affected molars present major clinical problems in terms of extensive tooth structure loss, hypersensitivity and difficulty in restoration and retention.  The prevalence of (MIH) ranges from 2.5 to 40% and seems to differ in certain regions and birth cohorts. Several factors are associated with the etiology of MIH. ...

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What is the best method to prepare enamel on teeth surface to improve the bonding of fixed orthodontic braces?

This summary is based on the Cochrane systematic review: Preparing tooth surfaces in preparation for the bonding of fixed orthodontic braces Context  Acid etching of tooth surfaces to promote the bonding of orthodontic attachments to the enamel has been a routine procedure in orthodontic treatment since the 1960s. Various types of orthodontic etchants and etching techniques have been introduced in the past five decades. Although a large amount of information on this topic has been published, there is a significant lack of consensus regarding the clinical effects of different dental etchants and etching techniques. Purpose of the Review To compare the ...

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How efficient are Toluidine Blue and Brush Biopsy in diagnosing oral lesions?

This summary is based on the article published in the International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology: Efficacy of Toluidine Blue and Brush Biopsy in Oral Lesions (January 2013) Context Oral cancer is a global health problem and its early detection is of prime importance. In vivo stains and brush biopsy have emerged in recent years to aid as clinical diagnostic tools.  Purpose of the Study The study assessed the efficacy and accuracy of Toluidine blue and brush biopsy in comparison to wedge biopsy in patients with oral pre-malignancies and malignant lesions.  Key Messages The combined evaluation of Toluidine blue ...

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What are the effects of oral health education and motivation on disease prevention and health promotion?

This summary is based on the article published by the Dental Press Journal of Orthodontics: Education and motivation in oral health — preventing disease and promoting health in patients undergoing orthodontic treatment (May-June 2011) Context It is incumbent upon dentists to prevent disease, minimize risks and promote health. Patients also need to be made aware of their role in oral health care. Patients undergoing orthodontic treatment find it particularly difficult to maintain satisfactory oral hygiene owing to the presence of bands, wires and ligatures. It is therefore crucial to establish preventive motivation and guidance methods to ensure mechanical control of dental plaque. In order to promote and maintain satisfactory oral ...

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What will it be: Ibuprofen or acetaminophen for pain relief after surgical removal of lower wisdom teeth?

This summary is based on the Cochrane systematic review: Ibuprofen versus paracetamol (acetaminophen) for pain relief after surgical removal of lower wisdom teeth  Context Both paracetamol and ibuprofen are commonly used analgesics for the relief of pain following the surgical removal of lower wisdom teeth (third molars). In 2010, a novel analgesic (marketed as Nuromol) containing both paracetamol and ibuprofen in the same tablet was launched in the United Kingdom. This drug has shown promising results to date and there is a need to compare the combined drug with the single drugs using this model. In this review, the optimal doses ...

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Call for Expressions of Interest: Pathways Implementation Research Teams

Pathways to Health Equity for Aboriginal Peoples (Pathways) is a CIHR Signature Initiative with an overall goal to develop a better understanding of how to design, implement and scale up population health interventions that will improve Aboriginal health in four exemplars: Suicide, Diabetes/Obesity, Tuberculosis, and Oral Health. The objectives of the EOI phase are to: Inform subsequent launch timelines for the full applications per exemplar Aid in the establishment of potential partnerships for full competitions within each exemplar Assist in informing CIHR and partners on community readiness across the exemplars The Pathways Implementation Research Teams (IRTs) Funding Opportunity supports this ...

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What are the effects of triclosan/copolymer containing toothpastes for oral health?

This summary is based on the Cochrane systematic review: Triclosan/copolymer containing toothpastes for oral health  Context Periodontal disease and dental caries are highly prevalent oral diseases that can lead to pain and discomfort, oral hygiene and aesthetic problems, and eventually tooth loss, all of which can be costly to treat and are a burden to healthcare systems. Triclosan is an antibacterial agent with low toxicity, which, along with a copolymer for aiding retention, can be added to toothpastes to reduce plaque and gingivitis (inflammation of the gums). It is important that these additional ingredients do not interfere with the anticaries effect ...

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