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Bullying and Dentistry: the effects of malocclusion on school-aged children

This summary is based on the artcile published in the British Dental Journal: Bullying in schoolchildren – its relationship to dental appearance and psychosocial implications: an update for GDPs (May 2011) J. Seehra,J. T. Newton, and A. T. DiBiase Context Bullying in school-aged children is a global phenomenon. The effects of bullying can be both short- and long-term,  resulting in both physiological and psychological symptoms. It is likely that dental care professionals will encounter children who are subjected to bullying. Clinicians should be aware that children with a malocclusion could be subjected to persistent peer victimization, resulting in a negative impact on both their ...

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How effective is the use of mouthwash in the prevention of plaque, gingivitis and caries?

This summary is based on the supplement published in the Oral Diseases journal: Special Issue: Mouthwash Use and the Prevention of Plaque, Gingivitis and Caries (January 2014) Read the Executive Summary and Summary of the Article (PDF) Careful quantitative assessment of data regarding use of mouthwash and risk of common oral conditions reveals that there is a clear evidence of benefi t from use in terms of reducing the risk of dental plaque, gingivitis, dental caries and that there are no major adverse effects including no evidence of an increased risk of oral cancer among users of mouthwash containing alcohol. Key Messages There is ...

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How safe is oral midazolam sedation in pediatric dentistry?

This summary is based on the article published in the International Journal of Pediatric Dentistry: Safety of oral midazolam sedation use in pediatric dentistry: a review (January 2014) Context Young children needing multiple procedures often cannot be managed using local anesthesia alone. General anesthesia (GA) is an alternative, but is associated with significant morbidity and expense.  Sedation is a possible alternative to GA for behaviour management but evidence in support of its use is weak. A recent systematic review noted that oral midazolam is one of the few agents available whose efficacy in dental procedures for children is supported by evidence. Midazolam is potentially an ideal sedative agent for pediatric dentistry because ...

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What is the effect of several bleaching agents on teeth stained with a resin-based sealer?

This summary is based on the article published in the International Endodontic Journal: Effect of several bleaching agents on teeth stained with a resin-based sealer (January 2014) Context Remnants of root filling materials and sealers in root filled teeth have been shown to cause tooth discoloration. Various bleaching agents are available to reverse tooth discoloration, including hydrogen peroxide and sodium perborate. Several investigations have assessed the discoloration potential of sealers and their effects on the teeth. However, there appears to be no documented research on efficacy of different bleaching agents for reversing discoloration caused by endodontic sealers. Purpose of the Study The study was designed to evaluate the effects of ...

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What is calcium channel blocker-induced gingival enlargement?

This summary is based on the article published in the Journal of Human Hypertension: Calcium channel blocker-induced gingival enlargement (June 2013) Context Despite the popularity and wide acceptance of the calcium channel blockers (CCBs) by the medical community, their oral impact is rarely recognized or discussed. CCBs, as a group, have been frequently implicated as an etiologic factor for a common oral condition seen among patients seeking dental care: drug-induced gingival enlargement or overgrowth. This enlargement can be localized or generalized, and can range from mild to extremely severe, affecting patient’s appearance and function. Treatment options for these patients include cessation of the offending drug ...

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Is light therapy a complementary antibacterial treatment of oral biofilm?

This summary is based on the article published in Advances in Dental Research: Light Therapy: Complementary Antibacterial Treatment of Oral Biofilm (September 2012) Context Conventional antibacterial treatment fails to eradicate biofilms associated with common infections of the oral cavity. Unlike chemical agents, which are less effective than anticipated, owing to diffusion limitations in biofilms, light is more effective on bacteria in biofilm than in suspension. Effectiveness depends also on the type and parameters of the light.  Purpose of the Article To present a rational selection of the specific types of light to be used. The article presents recent studies and novel work on the effects of two different ...

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Is there bone loss with immediate or delayed implant placement?

This summary is based on the article published in the International Journal of Oral Implantology and Clinical Research: Mesiodistal Bone Loss of Fresh Socket Placed Implants and Delay Placed Implants at the Anterior of the Maxilla (May-Aug 2013) Context Immediate implant placement in fresh extraction sockets provides the advantage of shorter treatment time along with minimizing the number of surgical interventions. Purpose of the Study To compare the amount of mesiodistal bone loss of fresh socket placed implants and delay placed implants at the anterior of the maxilla. Key Messages Comparison of marginal bone loss in fresh socket placed implants and delay implants did not show a significant difference. Also ...

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Orofacial syndromes: a better understanding of the etiopathogenesis, diagnosis and management

This summary is based on the article published by the International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology: Orofacial Syndromes: An Approach Towards Etiopathogenesis, Diagnosis and Management. A Systematic Review (January 2013) Context Currently, there are more than 4,000 genetic disorders identified to date, of which orofacial syndromes form a considerable part. Genetic factors either in isolation or in combination with various environmental factors play an important role in causing these craniofacial anomalies.  It becomes a challenge for the dental practitioner to diagnose and manage orofacial syndromes due to the complexity of their multi-system involvement.  Purpose of the Review The paper ...

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