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News & Events News Bites

News Bites from CDA Knowledge Networks – 2021/05/26

Coronavirus: What's happening in Canada and around the world on Wednesday. cbc.ca, May 26: Should parents have the choice to keep their child in the same grade after 2nd disrupted school year? Auditor general grading Ottawa's performance on PPE, pandemic response in Indigenous communities. Premier Jason Kenney set to announce plan for easing COVID-19 restrictions in Alberta. Saskatchewan plans to take in some Manitoba ICU patients. N.S. COVID-19 vaccine rollout ahead of schedule, second doses moved up. B.C. aiming to lift virtually all restrictions by September under new restart plan. Read more

Canada’s secret COVID-19 vaccine contracts hinder the fight to boost vaccine confidence, researchers say. thestar.com, May 25: Canada, unlike its southern neighbour, is keeping secret the details of its vaccine contracts with big pharma, including what they’re paying for doses — and experts say that’s a problem in the fight to build confidence with the public and contain vaccine hesitancy. Read more

What concerns are behind vaccine hesitancy in Canada? New research surfaces underlying worries. ctvnews.ca, May 26: Safety is the most common reason Canadians have expressed vaccine hesitancy on Twitter, but it's far from the only one, a new study suggests. Read more

Ontario confirms first blood clot death in man who received AstraZeneca COVID‑19 vaccine. toronto.ctvnews.ca, May 25: Associate Chief Medical Officer of Health Dr. Barbara Yaffe confirmed the news during the province’s bi-weekly update on its COVID-19 response Tuesday. … She said the man in his 40s received his first dose of the AstraZeneca vaccine “toward the end of April” and died a “few weeks later.” Read more

Don't assume your child wants a COVID-19 vaccine, parents and public health experts warn. cbc.ca, May 26: …Anyone aged 13 years and older can legally choose or refuse a vaccine without parental involvement in Saskatchewan. The age of consent varies across the country. … people under 18 should have direct access to reliable, authoritative information so they can decide for themselves whether the vaccine is safe and necessary. Read more

Despite dire predictions, fewer than 5% of Toronto businesses have gone bust — but what happens when government aid is cut off? thestar.com, May 25: Most businesses are hanging on. That’s the gist of the most recent Toronto Employment Survey, released last week, which found a 4.5 per cent decline in GTA businesses in 2020. Not an insignificant number — it marks a loss of about 3,480 shops in one year — but the damage is less than was anticipated at the outset of the pandemic. Read more

Alcohol consumption stabilizing in Quebec amid COVID-19 pandemic: survey. montreal.ctvnews.ca, May 26: A recent portrait of excessive alcohol consumption by Quebecers during the COVID-19 pandemic shows numbers are similar to what they were at the start of the crisis. Read more

Quebec hospitals ordered to cut total of $150M from budgets, sources say. montrealgazette.com, May 25: ... The government’s expectation is that as telemedicine has advanced out of necessity during the COVID-19 crisis, the health-care system will ultimately save on certain expenses. But sources say Quebec has been unwilling to make the necessary investments in computer infrastructure to prevent ransomware attacks in hospitals — a problem that has occurred frequently in Europe and the United States and is also becoming more common in the province. Read more

Feeling lonely? Try cranking up the volume. ctvnews.ca, May 26: With COVID-19 keeping many people isolated and alone, one way to combat the loneliness is by cranking the volume up on your favourite song, show or movie, new research suggests. Researchers at Australia’s James Cook University found that people who felt socially isolated preferred higher volumes, from music to background noise, compared to those who felt they were socially accepted. Read more

Coronavirus: What's happening in Canada and around the world on Tuesday. cbc.ca, May 25: Manitoba doctors say patients suffering, dying while waiting for care as province's hospitals overwhelmed by COVID-19. Moderna touts its vaccine for 12 to 17 age group, citing trial data. 'Heartbreaking situation' as patients in Ontario face long waits for delayed surgeries. Read more

Philip Cross: COVID's lessons for innovation. financialpost.com, May 25 [OPINION]: Instead of congratulating ourselves on our greater obedience, we should be asking how Canada can better embrace attitudes that foster innovation in the long term. Read more

Some N.S. health-care workers still waiting for first dose of COVID-19 vaccine. cbc.ca, May 25: Special vaccination clinics for health-care workers were abruptly shut down in early April. While many Nova Scotians may assume that all health-care workers in the province are fully vaccinated against COVID-19, the unions representing those workers say that's far from the truth — though no one seems to know exactly how far from the truth. Read more

Alberta has had the most miserable time fighting COVID-19, followed by Ontario, Quebec, new index suggests. nationalpost.com, May 25: The four Atlantic provinces, meanwhile, had the lowest overall misery levels, with each outperforming the national average. Read more

Quebec to move up appointments for second COVID-19 vaccine doses. montrealgazette.com, May 25: Quebec is poised to vaccinate at least 80 per cent of the adult population with one dose by June 24, which would mean going beyond the initial goal by more than five per cent. Read more

COVID-19: Ontario pharmacies waiting on AstraZeneca vaccine shipments. globalnews.ca, May 24: Ontario residents who received their first dose of the AstraZeneca COVID-19 vaccine between March 10 and March 19 became eligible on Monday to book an appointment for their second shot. However, some expressed frustration with a lack of available bookings and vaccine supply. Read more

Ottawa doctor says family physicians left behind in Ontario's vaccine rollout. ctvnews.ca, May 23: While Ontario has been ramping up its vaccination efforts and expanding eligibility to youth, an Ottawa-based family physician says primary care doctors like herself are being left behind on the roll-out process. Read more

Coronavirus: What's happening in Canada and around the world on Friday. cbc.ca, May 21: Federal government extends flight ban from India, Pakistan until June 21. Canada has ordered more than 400 million COVID-19 vaccine shots: Here's the progress report. The psychology of post-pandemic life — why you might feel anxious about re-entry. Gatherings with people from outside household to be prohibited in Manitoba. Read more

Canada ‘on track’ to shorten 16-week interval between COVID-19 vaccine doses, Njoo says. globalnews.ca, May 20: Canadians can potentially receive their second dose of the COVID-19 vaccine sooner than expected as millions more doses continue to be delivered across the country, according to deputy chief public health officer Dr. Howard Njoo. Read more

Vaccine deliveries could be less than expected next month, new logistics commander says. cbc.ca, May 20: Based on the current estimate, Canada could receive 8 to 10 million fewer vaccine doses than expected. Read more

Our kids are not OK. Child advocates say children need help now. globalnews.ca, May 20: …First Canada (CFC) launched #CodePINK, a campaign to bring attention to the mental and health crisis facing young Canadians as the COVID-19 pandemic drags on. The term code pink is used in hospitals to declare a pediatric medical emergency, but CFC said that emergency has spread to homes across the country. Read more

Ontario to provide 2nd dose of AstraZeneca COVID-19 vaccine after temporary suspension. globalnews.ca, May 21: Ontario’s top doctor says the province will now allow second doses of Oxford-AstraZeneca COVID-19 vaccine to be administered. Dr. David Williams, Ontario’s chief medical officer of health, said the second dose administration will begin with those who received their first dose between March 10 and 19. Read more

Quatre nouveaux cas de thrombose liés au vaccin d’AstraZeneca signalés au Québec. ledevoir.com, 20 mai : Le gouvernement du Québec a signalé jeudi quatre autres cas de thrombose liés au vaccin Oxford-AstraZeneca contre la COVID-19. Depuis le début de la campagne de vaccination, le Québec a recensé huit cas de thrombose avec thrombocytopénie (TIPIV), survenus après l’administration d’un vaccin à vecteur viral contre la COVID-19, soit le vaccin d’AstraZeneca. Lire plus

Exercise and mental health: Canadian study finds the pandemic increased stress and lowered physical activity. ctvnews.ca, May 20: The study found that Canadians over the age of 18 who were suffering from pandemic-related stress, depression and anxiety, were less likely to engage in physical activity and exercise, while individuals who were able to maintain good levels of physical activity showed better mental health. Read more

Covid-19 live updates. washingtonpost.com, May 26: CDC chief tells vaccinated Americans to enjoy their Memorial Day holiday. Moderna announced Tuesday that its two-shot coronavirus vaccine produced the same protective immune response in teenagers as adults, and it plans to submit the data to U.S. regulators in early June for authorization for use on adolescents as young as 12. U.S. air travel rebounded Sunday to the highest level of the pandemic era. Read more

Coronavirus live. theguardian.com, May 26: EMA to decide on approving Pfizer jab for 12- to 15-year-olds. France to impose Covid quarantine on visitors from UK. EU cites ‘anti-vaccine campaign’ as reason to toughen social media code. EU seeks court order for AstraZeneca to supply vaccine doses. US joins calls for investigation into Covid origins. Read more

COVID-19 variant first detected in India now found in at least 53 territories: WHO. ctvnews.ca, May 26: The coronavirus variant first detected in India has now been officially recorded in 53 territories, a World Health Organization report showed Wednesday. Additionally, the WHO has received information from unofficial sources that the B.1.617 variant has been found in seven other territories, figures in the UN health agency's weekly epidemiological update showed, taking the total to 60. Read more

U.S. study finds tiny number of vaccine 'breakthrough' COVID-19 cases. ctvnews.ca, May 25: About 0.01 percent of people became infected with COVID-19 between January and April despite being fully vaccinated, a U.S. government study confirming the shots' high efficacy showed Tuesday. The report published by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) documented so-called "breakthrough" cases among 101 million people fully vaccinated in the United States. Read more

Dozens of countries face severe oxygen shortages due to COVID surges. axios.com, May 26: …Many of these countries already faced oxygen shortages before the pandemic. Increased demand from COVID-19, coupled with low vaccination rates, could leading to devastating results, per the Bureau. The big picture: The countries facing severe oxygen shortages include Argentina, Iran, Nepal, the Philippines, Thailand, Malaysia, Pakistan, Costa Rica, Colombia, Ecuador and South Africa, among others. In several of these countries, "fewer than one in 10 people have received a dose of a vaccine," the Bureau noted. Read more

The mini lungs and other organoids helping to beat COVID. nature.com, May 26: Virologists have infected millions of miniature organs with SARS-CoV-2, to learn how the virus wreaks havoc and how to stop it. Read more

Social media heavyweights wooed for Pfizer smear campaign. ctvnews.ca, May 25: Social media influencers in France with hundreds of thousands of followers say a mysterious advertising agency offered to pay them if they agreed to smear Pfizer's COVID-19 vaccine with negative fake stories. Read more

Covid-19 live updates. washingtonpost.com, May 25: Moderna says its vaccine triggers immune response in teenagers, will seek FDA approval. The US called Tuesday for the swift launch of a follow-up investigation into the origins of the pandemic, amid growing concerns over China’s lack of transparency about the early days of the outbreak. The U.S. Olympic & Paralympic Committee will send athletes to the Tokyo 2020 Games this summer despite the State Department’s new advisory warning Americans against visiting Japan. Read more

Moderna says its COVID-19 shot works in kids as young as 12. ctvnews.ca, May 25: Moderna said Tuesday its COVID-19 vaccine strongly protects kids as young as 12, a step that could put the shot on track to become the second option for that age group in the U.S. Read more

U.S. CDC looking into heart inflammation in some young vaccine recipients. ctvnews.ca, May 22: Some teenagers and young adults who received COVID-19 vaccines experienced heart inflammation, a U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention advisory group said, recommending further study of the rare condition. … The condition often goes away without complications and can be caused by a variety of viruses, the CDC group said. Read more

‘Scandalous inequity’: WHO says 75% of vaccines given out in just 10 countries. globalnews.ca, May 24: The COVID-19 pandemic is being perpetuated by a “scandalous inequity” in vaccine distribution, the head of the World Health Organization (WHO) said on Monday as he set new targets for protecting people in the poorest countries. WHO director-general Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus warned that no country should assume that it’s “out of the woods,” no matter its vaccination rate, as long as the SARS-CoV-2 virus and its variants spread elsewhere. Read more

Pfizer starts testing pneumococcal shot along with third dose of COVID-19 vaccine. nationalpost.com May 24: Based on experience with non-COVID vaccines, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention has said COVID-19 jabs and other vaccines can be given simultaneously.  Read more

They recovered from COVID-19, only to die of 'black fungus.' What we know about the disease sweeping India. ctvnews.ca, May 24: …In the past few weeks, thousands of black fungus cases have been reported across the country, with hundreds hospitalized and at least 90 dead. Two states have declared it an epidemic, and the central government has made it a notifiable disease. Read more

Singapore provisionally approves 60-second COVID-19 breathalyzer test. ctvnews.ca, May 24: Singapore authorities have provisionally approved a COVID-19 breathalyzer test that aims to show whether someone is infected with the coronavirus in under a minute, according to the local startup that developed the product. ... The breath test achieved more than 90 per cent accuracy in a Singapore-based pilot clinical trial, the company said last year. Read more

IMF says world can end the COVID-19 pandemic with this $50 billion plan. financialpost.com, May 21: The International Monetary Fund on Friday unveiled a US$50 billion proposal to end the COVID-19 pandemic by vaccinating at least 40 per cent of the population in all countries by the end of 2021 and at least 60 per cent by the first half of 2022. Doing so, IMF officials say, would inject the equivalent of US$9 trillion into the global economy by 2025 due to a faster resumption of economic activity, with rich countries potentially benefiting the most. Read more

Inside the race to find a COVID-19 treatment pill. financialpost.com, May 21: …Pfizer and its rivals, including U.S.-based Merck & Co Inc and Swiss pharmaceutical Roche Holding AG, are racing to produce the first antiviral pill that people could take at early signs of the illness. Their shared goal: filling a key treatment hole by helping people recently-infected with coronavirus to avoid becoming seriously ill and needing hospitalization. Read more

Moderna CEO says some Americans could start getting a COVID-19 booster shot as soon as September. businessinsider.com, May 20: Moderna's CEO said some Americans could need a booster shot as soon as September. The third shot would come eight or nine months after the initial vaccine. Populations who were vaccinated in December or January, like healthcare workers, would be up first. Read more

States Are One-Upping Each Other with Vaccine Rewards — But Will It Work? rollingstone.com, May 18: On Wednesday, May 12th, in what sounded more like a pitch from a used car salesman than the introduction of a major public health initiative, Ohio Governor Mike DeWine announced the launch of a $1 million lottery for vaccinated residents of the state. ... It’s been less than a week since DeWine first announced the Vax-a-Millions program, but there are some early indications that it might be working. Read more

EU legislators, members reach compromise on vaccine certificates. cbc.ca, May 20: European Union legislators and member countries found a compromise Thursday for launching COVID-19 certificates before the height of the summer holiday season, a move aimed at boosting travel and tourism following the restrictions of the coronavirus pandemic. …Officials said the system should be up and running by July 1. Read more

Consumer confidence ticks up in May as COVID-19 cases decline. conferenceboard.ca, May 26: The Index of Consumer Confidence jumped 6.5 points higher in May to 104.9 (2014=100), almost offsetting the 6.8-point decline seen in April. The index now sits at 87 per cent of its pre-pandemic level. With the speedy rollout of vaccines, many Canadians are growing more hopeful for an economic reopening and are feeling more confident about their future job prospects. Read more

Bill C-15, which aligns Canada’s laws with UN Indigenous declaration, passes 3rd reading. globalnews.ca, May 25: A federal bill to harmonize Canada’s laws with the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples has passed third reading in the House of Commons. The Conservatives, who have raised concerns the legislation would give Indigenous people a “veto” over natural resource projects, voted against the bill. Green MP Jenica Atwin also cast a vote against the bill saying it was not strong enough, including that it doesn’t lay out specifically how UNDRIP will be enshrined in Canadian law. Read more

Fluoride back in city's drinking water in six months. Windsor Star (Print Edition), May 25: Fluoride will return to the Windsor area's water system in roughly six months, the local health unit says. Although the decision to reintroduce the chemical was made in 2018, a 12-month pipe loop study to test for possible increases in lead levels by Windsor Utilities Commission - yet to be completed - as well as COVID-19 pandemic closures and travel restrictions, caused further delay. See attached

U of C contract proposal including wage rollbacks 'disgusting': union. calgaryherald.com, May 21: The University of Calgary is proposing a three-per cent wage rollback for more than 5,000 support staff in contentious contract negotiations, according to the union representing impacted workers. … On top of the wage rollbacks, these workers could see the amount their employer covers for health and dental benefits cut in half. Read more

Advocates push for mandatory reporting of severe adverse drug reactions, preventative solutions.ctvnews.ca, May 24: Every year, thousands of Canadians will experience adverse reactions to medication meant to save their life and make them better, but instead makes them significantly worse. Advocates say it is a leading cause of death in Canada and are pushing for new rules around monitoring side effects, tracking the reactions, and implementing solutions that would minimize these potentially life-threatening reactions. Read more

Fluoride reintroduced to Windsor water this November. windsor.ctvnews.ca, May 21: The reintroduction of fluoride into Windsor's water is expected this November. The Windsor-Essex County Health Unit receiving an updated report from Enwin Thursday on the progress. Dr. Wajid Ahmed says the report states a delay due to the COVID-19 pandemic. In the meantime, addition studies and analysis need to be completed to ensure it's not interfering with lead pipes. Read more

New survey a 'first step' to dismantling anti-Black racism, says researcher. 660citynews.com, May 21: Seven in 10 Black Canadians have experienced racism on a regular or occasional basis, suggests a preliminary study that experts are calling a “first step” toward dismantling systemic discrimination. Researchers at York University released early findings Friday from a national survey examining how Black Canadians experience race and racism across social spheres. Read more

Province proposes licences for vape shops to curb youth vaping. cbc.ca, May 20: Measures stop short of the flavour ban being imposed in neighbouring provinces. An industry group is pleased with proposed changes to New Brunswick's vaping regulations, but a health promotion group says they don't go far enough. Read more

Bill To Reduce Youth Vaping In NB Passes Second Reading. country94.ca, May 21: …In a news release, MLA Jean-Claude D’Amours says Bill 17 unanimously passed second reading in the Legislature yesterday. It will prohibit the sale of flavoured e-liquid used for vaping and will make New Brunswick one of the jurisdictions with the toughest anti-vaping and anti-smoking legislation. Read more

Long-term care insurance would better serve Canada’s aging population. policyoptions.irpp.org, May 20 [OPINION]: A universal, public long-term care insurance system would provide Canadians a continuum of care options from care at home to care in institutions. Read more

The straight and narrow – new GDC guidance on direct-to-consumer orthodontics. dentistry.co.uk, May 25: Emma Laing considers the latest GDC guidance on direct-to-consumer orthodontics and what it means for dentistry. Read more

Dentistry - toothache ahead. lexology.com, May 26: The headlines from the British Dental Association's latest survey read like the script of a disaster movie. They point towards a mass exodus of dentists from the profession, with nearly 30 million appointments missed in the year from March 2020. National media also reports that the waiting list to see an NHS dentist will take up to 3 years in some areas. The dental sector has survived and thrived because of the entrepreneurial spirit of the dentists. However, the mix of Brexit, COVID-19 lockdowns and continuing operating restrictions paints a picture that many are operators are concerned about. Read more

Mims' water defluorinated without public input, health experts don't want the same to happen in Titusville. mynews13.com, May 24: The May 4 vote to stop CWF in Mims came about following a roughly six-minute discussion without a period for public input. Some in the community…said the process was unjust. Read more

Ban on flavored vaping may have led teens to cigarettes, study suggests. news.yale.edu, May 25: When San Francisco voters overwhelmingly approved a ballot measure banning the sale of flavored tobacco products in 2018, public health advocates celebrated. But according to a new study from the Yale School of Public Health, that law may have had the opposite effect. Read more

Increase taxes on sugar beverages to prevent diabetes, Pakistan urged. geo.tv, May 26: The increased tax aims to reduce burden of diabetes on individuals and families affected by diabetes and to do more to prevent diabetes in population. Currently, about 19.4 million people in Pakistan have diabetes. Read more

Dentists say older Australians’ oral health ignored by government. themandarin.com.au, May 24: The Australian Dental Association (ADA) has described the federal government’s failure to address the ‘endemic neglect’ of oral health services in aged care as ‘lukewarm, half-hearted and disappointing’. Read more

Why am I so furious about teeth? They are deeply socially divisive. theguardian.com, May 25 [OPINION]: The gap between those who can or can’t afford a dentist is widening. There is a three-year wait for NHS appointments – while the market for whitening and tweakments booms. Read more

Three-year waits as nation gripped by dentistry ‘crisis’ – watchdog. barrheadnews.com, May 24: People are being told to wait until 2024 for dentist appointments while others are being removed from their practice lists for not making appointments sooner, according to a damning new report into the state of dentistry. Read more

New data underscores need for greater awareness of dental caries amongst patients. the-probe-co.uk, May 25: New data published by the Oral Health Foundation and Colgate-Palmolive has discovered a concerning lack of knowledge of dental caries. The Oral Health Foundation is now calling on dental professionals to help raise awareness of dental caries amongst patients in order to improve the oral health of the nation. Read more

Mansfield [Massachusetts] Board of Health stands behind town water fluoridation. wickedlocal.com, May 21: The BOH voted its continued support for town fluoridation to prevent dental decay after a May 20 meeting during which members heard comments from state and local dentists and pediatricians, Water Division Operations Manager Kurt Gaffney, the public, and the proponent of a citizens’ petition seeking to end the program. Read more

'Dangerous' home teeth-whitening kits sold online. bbc.com, May 24: Some home teeth-whitening kits sold online contain dangerous levels of bleaching chemical that can burn gums and cause tooth loss, an investigation has revealed. The worst had more than 300 times the recommended amount of hydrogen peroxide, says consumer group Which?. Read more

High fat and sugar diet may damage immune cells in the digestive tract. thehill.com, May 22: Researchers study in mice how a Western diet affects gut inflammation and infection. This experiment was short, just eight weeks. … For mice, that is a good proportion of their lifespan, but for humans that is very little time. In reality, it takes a long time for the health effects of their diet to affect their bodies. Read more

Vaping and e-cigarettes are glamourised on social media, putting young people in harm’s way. theconversation.com, May 23: Despite their widespread reputation as a “safer” alternative to cigarettes, e-cigarettes (also known as electronic cigarettes or vapes) are far from harmless, particularly for adolescents, whose developing brains may suffer lifelong adverse effects from nicotine-containing products. Read more

HPI projects increase in supply of dentists by 2040. ada.org, May 20: The ADA Health Policy Institute is projecting that there will be a significant increase in the supply of dentists by 2040. According to the research brief, “Projected Supply of Dentists in the United States, 2020-2040,” published in May, the HPI projects 67 dentists per 100,000 people in the U.S. in 2040 — up from 60.7 in 2020. The data is also higher than earlier projections of 63.7 dentists per 100,000 people in 2037. Read more

Minnesota Dental Association Urges Legislators to Address Oral Health Priorities During Special Session. prnewswire.com, May 20: … Current dental provider reimbursement rates in Minnesota's Medicaid program are based off average submitted charges from 1989. The 32-year-old rates are inadequate and, for many dentists, can mean the difference in program participation. Minnesotans need access to care and we simply cannot wait another year to invest in a neglected system. Read more

Smoking levels remain persistently high among young people, new report finds. irishexaminer.com, May 21: A European Commission report on the effectiveness of the tobacco products directive, which limits advertising and other merchandising measures across the bloc since its introduction in 2016, found youth smoking rates fell to 20% in 2020 from 25% in 2014, after peaking at 29% in 2017. Read more

Prescription drug price fight gets a funding infusion. axios.com, May 21: Millions of dollars are being poured into the fight over prescription drug costs — and not just from pharmaceutical companies and their allies. Consumer groups are making clear that they're not letting up on the issue, either. Read more

Dalhousie University – Current course offerings

McGill University – Continuing dental education

Schulich School of Medicine & Dentistry University – Continuing professional development

Université Laval – Formation continue

University of Manitoba – Continuing professional development

Université de Montréal – Formation dentaire continue

University of Alberta – Program and courses

University of British Columbia – Calendar of courses

University of Saskatchewan – Continuing professional dental education

University of Toronto – Continuing dental education



June 10-11: Atlantic Virtual Dental Convention. Read more

September 25-26: 2021 Virtual Saskatchewan Oral Health Conference. Read more

September 26-29: FDI World Dental Congress | Special Edition | Sydney 2021 Virtual. Read more

September 30 – October 2: Canadian Academy of Restorative Dentistry and Prosthodontics (CARDP) 28th Annual Scientific Meeting. Read more

October 15-19: Journées dentaires internationales du Québec 2021. Read more

Please let us know about upcoming continuing education meetings that could be of interest to Canadian dentists by emailing us at oasisdiscussions@cda-adc.ca

We invite you to send us leads to news stories worth sharing oasisdiscussions@cda-adc.ca.

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