Are probiotics effective in the prevention or treatment of periodontal disease?
This summary is based on the article published in Clinical Oral Investigations: Effects of probiotics in periodontal diseases: a systematic review (September 2013)
Nicolás Yanine, Ignacio Araya, Romina Brignardello-Petersen, Alonso Carrasco-Labra, Almudena González, Arelis Preciado, Julio Villanueva, Mariano Sanz, and Conchita Martin
Periodontal diseases are divided into two general stages affecting a majority of adults: gingivitis and periodontitis. (1) Both diseases require the presence of plaque bacteria which are thought to induce pathological changes in the tissues by direct and indirect means .
Although conventional treatments are considered effective, efforts to improve periodontal therapies through complementary treatments are at research. Recently, there has been increasing interest in probiotic control against periodontal diseases, and a number of clinical trials have been conducted to elucidate the possible impact on oral health.
Purpose of the Review
This review was designed to determine the effects of probiotics in prevention and/or treatment of periodontal diseases.
Based on the results of this review, the effectiveness of probiotics on the prevention and treatment of periodontal diseases is questionable. There is currently insufficient evidence demonstrating the benefits of systematic preventative use of probiotics in patients with periodontal diseases.
The use of probiotics is described to prevent or treat periodontal diseases in some clinical trials; therefore, a systematic review of the evidence for the effect of periodontal diseases is needed.
- Armitage GC (1995) Clinical evaluation of periodontal diseases. Periodontol 7:39–53
- Page RC (1986) Gingivitis. J Clin Periodontol 13(5):345–359
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